Feb. 9, 2011

Terri Harber graphic

Valentine's Day wishes

Esso meno'o tabeba o ummu u kamakunu u soonamedabuakunu
(This is the time of the year to acknowledge the people you love)--In Numu language

Happy Valentine’s Day son (Bryson Felix George). I’m sorry I can’t be there with you right now. I’ll be with you for always in your heart. I love you more than anything and I’ll never stop. Love for always, your mom (Delores “Baby Girl” Picard).
Happy Valentine’s Day to my beautiful baby girl Jaliyah Rose George. I’m sending my love to you for always. Mom (Delores “Baby Girl” Picard).
Happy first Valentine’s Day to mama Briseis Elsa Picard-Smith. I love you so very much. Your mommy loves you. We’ll be back together soon, mama! I’m
always with you in your heart. I’m sorry the way things are! I promise I’ll do what it takes to make it better so you will be in mommy’s arms. Love for always.

Mommy (Delores “Baby Girl” Picard).
Happy Valentine’s Day to my dad. I love you for everything you have done for me and the kids. Love for always. Delores “Baby Girl” Picard.
Happy Valentine’s Day Beverly Smith, Denise Picard, Sharron and Richard Crooked Arm and boys, Chucci Heath, Eba and girls, Rima Alonzo and
daughters, Mav, Sharie and kids for always, Briseis Picard Smith, Bryson and Jaliyah George and Delores Baby Girl Picard.
Happy Valentine’s Day Heather Picard, Fontaine and Kalyssa Fuentes. I love you for always. Briseis, Bryson, Jaliyah and Delores. Baby Girl Picard.
Happy Valentine’s Day Leminnie, Lonnie and boys. For always, Briseisa, Bryson, Jaliyah and Delores “Baby Girl” Picard.
Happy Valentine’s Day grandma Dalyne LeClaire and George George for always. Briseis, Jaliyah, Delores Baby Girl Picard.
Happy Valentine’s Day to all my family and friends. For always, Briseis, Bryson, Jaliyah and Delores Baby Girl Picard.

Happy Valentine’s Day wishes to:
Regan & Krystyn
Lei & Gayleen & Mila & Jacob & Trayson
Derek & Puff
Johnson Jr.
Morningstar & Stormy Brooks
Ooh & BritBrit & Family
Donna & Revonne
Nicole & Emerson
Jon & Joydee & Mercedes
Martha & family
Rosanna  J & family
Steven & Dove & Family
Tony & Lori & Family
Ken & Barbie & family
Stephanie Gomez
Brittany Calica
Leroy Jr. & family
From  Charlene Smith.

Happy Valentine’s to:
My husband Kenneth Shields. I love you honey!! My son Stefaughn Jackson & Pierre McCloud, Ciara Jaleen, Kain Kiree, Moneikah Louella, Darreck
Dominion, Ellen Emerald, Shawna Marie, Vina Lorien, Teola Shavon, LeRon Garee, Cleve LuAllen, Susie Slockish, Jordan “Puly” W. Jake Sr. & Jr, Lyla “Pa-Lyla” Williams, Sam “S.M.A” Gray Cloud Sr. & Jr., LaQuisha Louella, Kenneth Lee, Suzette Dawn, Raymond “Ohiya” Billy Grey, Xavier Aramus Grey, Zane Gregory, Tamara “Monkey Bread”, Christina Culps & Family, Liz Culps & Family, Anthony Culps & Family, Florence Culps, Sheena Culps & Family, Aaron Culps & Family, Lex Angiano, Ange Angiano & Family, Liana May & Family, Patricia Allen & Family, Stephanie Pratt & Family, Uncle Earl & Auntie Rita Squiemphen, Victims of Crime Co-Workers: Vera Thomas, Nancy Williams, Nancy Seylor, Dorothy Kalama, Tina Aguilar, Juanita Villa, Pam Fuiava, Gwen Leonard, Charlene Smith, & Bambi!! Snipe Jackson, Allee Jackson & Family, Pauline Culpus, Auntie Gina & Uncle Tonto, Berni Jackson & Family, Buddy & Marla Hicks & Family, Stevie Hicks & Family, and all my relations I didn’t mention!
From Barbie Jaleen Shields.

Happy Valentine’s Day to Ron “Babyduck” Green.  Love, your Cookie.
Happy Valentine’s Day to our mother, Myrna Frank.  We love you and appreciate all that you’ve done for each of us.  From all of your kids, grand-children, and
Happy Valentine’s Day to Sue, Natalie, Brigette, Suzy, Val, Juanita, Denise, Rosanne, and the rest of my candle gals!  Love, Ron the Candle Guy.

Happy Valentine’s Day to my husband Vernon Squiemphen. I love you more today than yesterday. You are my best fren, we are one.

Happy Anniversary Vernon Squiemphen even though its not 2012 (married on leap year). We have been legally married for 7 years. But been together for 15 years. I love you more than B&R.
Happy Valentine’s to Gibson Danzuka & Brooke Warner: Mom and papa love you always.
Happy Valentine’s to Marcy Picard. Your papa n mom love you very much.
Happy Valentine’s Day to Slippery Dimples from us in Mission, Ore.
Happy Valentine’s to Lennox L-Picard. Papa n grama love you so much and are very proud of you that played school ball, and your grades are improving.
Happy Valentine’s to Lil Miss. Grama LaDonna and papa Vernon.
Happy Valentine’s to Ray n Cookie. Thanks for helping at our home. Auntie n papa in Mission
Happy Valentines to Aiyanna VanPelt. This new grama n papa love you too.
Happy Valentine’s to Lil MAM, Trevin del Nero, Wyatt Esquiro. Love you always, papa n grama.
Happy Valentine’s to Becca McPherson, Gordo n our grankids. Love you always mom n papa.
Happy Valentine’s Day to Jessie n Shoni Equiro. Love always mom n papa.
Happy Valentine’s Day to Mitch n Laneda, Romeo. Love you, mom in Mission.
Happy Valentine’s to LeMinnie, PNut, Jacob. love papa n grama.
Happy Valentine’s to Clairessa, George George. We love you, auntie, papa.
Happy Valentine’s Day to lil Amy, and Yo, we love you just the way you are. Auntie and papa Squiemphen.
Happy Valentine’s to mom Darlyne Araiza. We love and miss you everyday.
Happy Valentine’s day to Mom-Gladys, Dad-Terry Squiemphen. We love you and appreciate all that you do for us, Vernon, LRaye, Fontaine, Kalyssa
Happy Valentine’s Day to Earl n Rita Squiemphen, from Vernon n LaDonna Squiemphen.
Happy Valentine’s Day to Val Squiemphen, from Vernon n LaDonna.
Happy Valentine’s day to my sister Monica Sampson, from Vernon n LaDonna.
Happy Valentine’s Day to Shawna Jaxson. you have been officially grounded for being gone a week in Ariz. Llove always Vernon n LaDonna.
Happy Valentine’s Day to XNita ScabbyRobe, We love you today, tomorrow and always. Your “BOS” n sis LRaye.
Happy Valentine’s Day to my chickadee Girlie Johnson, Always LRaye.
Happy Valentine’s Day to Michael, Yvette Leecy. thx for the help. Luv always, Vernon n LRaye Squiemphen.
Happy Valentine’s Day to George Picard, II. Your sis is waiting for you, get here... love always Vernon n LRaye.
Happy Valentine’s Day to Woody Picard, Sr. n Family. Always Vernon n LRaye-I am very proud of you, and the change you have made in your life.
Happy Valentine’s Day to Clem Ray n Becky Picard, n family. Always Vernon n LRaye-I am very proud of you for the change you have made, get well soon..
Happy Valentine’s Day to Denise Gail Picard Smith. love you always, LRaye Picard Squiemphen.
Happy Valentine’s Day to Aaron Strong and family. I love you very much. Mom LRaye, and papa.
Happy Valentine’s Day to all our families. Fontaine and Kalyssa.
Happy Valentine’s Day to auntie Mags.. thanks for all your help.. greatly appreciated. Fontaine, Kalyssa.
Happy Valentine’s Day to Phil n “AR” Squiemphen. Always bro Vernon n LRaye, Fontaine, Kalyssa.
Happy Valentine’s Day to Sarah Frank. Vernon n LaDonna.
Happy Valentine’s Day to Harvianne n family. Vernon n LaDonna.
Happy Valentine’s Day to Shauna Queahpama n Roy Spino, and families. Always, LRaye, Vernon.
Happy Valentine’s Day to Mike n CeCe Collins. Love always, Squiemphens in Mission.
Happy Valentine’s Day to soap Katchia, miss ya. LRaye.
Happy Valentine’s Day to all our childrens and your children/grandkids that have been in our home and that accept and acknowledge us as
parents/granparents.. we love you all very much. Vernon/papa n LaDonna/mom.
Happy Valentine’s Day to my FB frens, and family. Thanks for keeping me company when I get homesick. LRaye.
Happy Valentine’s Day to all our families and frens everywhere, we love and miss each of you. Vernon n LaDonna Squiemphen
Happy Valentine’s Day to Duran Bobb. Thanks for the great job in keeping us all updated on any and all news for the community. You are greatly appreciated.

Vernon and LaDonna Squiemphen.
Happy Valentine’s Day to Natalie Johnson, love you LRaye n Vernon.
Happy Valentine’s Day to Gwama Natawee (Johnson). Love you Fontaine, Kalyssa.
Happy Valentine’s Day to Great granpa Sid Miller. Love you Fontaine and Kalyssa. Thanks for all that you did for us.
Happy V-Day James “Peach” Sam. Sure like the year-round peach. Haha. Love you, Wendell, Mona & girls.
Happy Valentine’s Day Jerron, Eli, Kaya, Asiari. Love you guys, Wendell and Mona.
Happy Valentine’s Day Uncle Tracy R. Sam. Can’t wait to see you. Love ya, Jerron, Eli, Kaya, Asiari.
Happy V-Day to Bro! Tracy R. Sam. Miss you and counting down the days to see you. Love you, Mona and Wendell.

Happy Valentine’s Day to my sisters: Sally, Jenny, Colleen, Sheryl. Love you, Mona and Wendell.
Happy Valentine’s Day Woody & Sadie Picard, Gerald & Neda Tias, Joey & Elsie Tailfeathers and Robert Jr., Thomas and Jeleah. Have a great day,

Wendell, Mona and girls.
Happy V-Day Carlos and nancy Lopez, Tash, Kari, Adamaris. Love, Wendell, Mona and girls.

Happy Valentine’s Day Grandma and Grandpa! Robert & Marella Sam, Jose & Julie Sandoval, Jamie & Maria Lopez, Shula & Marcy Sam. Love you guys,

Jarron, Elias, Kaya, Asiari.
Happy Valentine’s Day. Eydie and Rick, Clint and Jolene, Lori and girls, Valerie, Ash and kids. Have a great day. Love you, Wendell, Mona and girls.
Happy Valentine’s Day: Jasper and kids, Marg and kids, Love you, Wendell and Mona.
Happy Valentine’s Day to Charley. Lots of love, be mine you Valentine. — Brenda Strom
Happy Valentine’s Day to Aaron Jr, and girls
Happy Valentine’s Day to Josephine and girls
Happy Valentine’s Day to Andrew
Happy Valentine’s Day to Johanna , boys and girls
Lotsa love, Brenda Strom
Happy V-Day. Please remember us before every holiday. Love from the greeting card makers of the United States.
Tyson, Happy Valentine’s Day! I made it through surgery. How are you liking those shoes that K.D. bought you? Love, Nonners.
Happy Valentine’s Day to Charley. Lots of love, be mine you Valentine. Brenda Strom.

Happy Valentine’s Day to Aaron Jr, and girls.
Happy Valentine’s Day to Josephine and girls.
Happy Valentine’s Day to Andrew.

Happy Valentine’s Day to Johanna, boys and girls. Lotsa love, Brenda Strom.
Happy Valentine’s Day and for every day, to all my beloved children, grandsons and great-grandsons: Selena, Duran and Ron, Travis, Amy, Michael, Kendall,

Jessie and Devon Bobb. You’re all perfect gifts from God to me. Love u all, Mom/Grammy – Myrna F.

Welcome to the world and to our family: Devon Joseph Lucei-Bobb. Born on December 17, 2010. At Mountain View Hospital, 7 pounds and 14 ounces.

Devon joins big brother Jessie D. Bobb, 4. Our newest lil angel and we love you. Love, Grammy—Myrna F. and the whole Bobb family.

Happy Valentine’s Day and Happy birthday to our own Gramma (Katherine) Barr of Oakville, Wash. 91 years old. We love you, Gramma—master basket

weaver. We wish you the best and many more birthdays. We hope to be with you on your birthday.  Love, the Bobb family: Selena, Duran and Ron, Travis,

Amy, Michael, Kendall, Jessie and Devon and Myrna F.
Happy Valentine’s Day, Cheryl. Love from Dave.

A very huge heartfelt Valentine's Day wish to the Love of My Life, My eternal Soulmate, My best friend Sterling S.Kalama Sr. Thank you for making my heart skip a beat every moment we are together, and even when we are apart you will always forever hold the key to my heart...! You make every day a true blessing for me and our beautiful, sweet children! All my love, Eileen M.Frank & a Happy Valentines Day to Aiyana, Noelani & Sterling Kalama Jr. XXOX.

Mommy & Daddy & A Special Valentines Day wish to all of our family & friends near & far, Much Love & Blessings from Sterling Kalama & Eileen Frank Family

A Big Giant Happy Valentine's Day with big giant hugs and kisses to Eileen M.Frank , With all my Love Sterling S. Kalama Sr. XXOXXOO

Happy Valentine's Day to my honey Cody Miller, my boys Keanu and Kody, Mommy I love you!
Happy Valentine's to Leti, I love you Girl! I'm always here for you!--Monica
Happy Valentine's to my mom Lillian, Sisters Tita, Nessa and Jesus! Love you!
Happy Valentine’s Day, Dabid, hope you have a good one!
Happy Valentine's to my Lil' Brother Chacho! I love you and miss you every day! Your sisters Monica, Tita, Nessa and Mom.
Happy Valentine's to Angela and Tyler from Monica, Cody and The Boys!
Happy Valentine's to Roberta Tufti! Love ya lady! Ur the bestest buddy!--Monica
Happy Valentine’s to Natalie, Roberta, Merle, LaDonna, Liberty, Roni, Mary, Rhonda A.  Love, Duran.
Happy Valentine’s Day to Monie C, Love, your Pardner.
Happy Valentine’s Day to Lucy.  Love, Ray.
Happy Valentine’s Day Darlene.  From Gerald.
Happy V-Day to Mom Rosanna, from all of your lovely kids.

Happy Valentine’s to Gramma Maxine.  Love, Rosanne & Max.

Happy Valentine’s Day to Mamacita, Annette Arce.  From Adrianna, Rosie, Marcie Theo, and all of your children.

Happy Valentine’s Day to Bunny.  Love, all your children & Muff.

Happy Valentine’s Day to Jenn.  Love, Jace.

My love for you is everlasting,
I will never leave Nor
Will I ever forsake thee.
Seek Me & you will find me.
Your friend that sticketh closer than a brother
Jesus Christ of Nazareth.
May the Love God be shed abroad in your hearts.
God is love & He loves each and every one of us.
WS Full Gospel Church

Just thinking of you, Happy Valentine’s Day, Hootie...Yours Truly :)

Annabelle Clements
Jake Frank meets John Echohawk at Siletz Restoration Celebration.

Inspiring talk with Echohawk

Jake Frank of Warm Springs joined the Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians late last year at their Restoration Celebration.
Jake was a guest at the celebration with his grandmother Emma Clements, as the Siletz were great friends with atwai Warren Rudy Clements.
The guest speaker at the event was John Echohawk, attorney and founder of the Native American Rights Fund.
“His speech was very powerful,” said Emma. “He focused on education, and recruiting Indian students to become lawyers.”
After the powwow, Jake, 10, got to meet and speak with Mr. Echohawk. Jake is already an outstanding student. His meeting with Mr. Echohawk gave him even more motivation to excel in school, said Anna.
“It was an honor for us to be invited, and to meet with John Echohawk,” she said.

Daniels awarded second Silver Eagle

Emma Daniels, 8, has won the Silver Eagle Award in DeSmet, Idaho, for the second time.
The Silver Eagle is the highest honor a student attending Coeur d’Alene Tribal School can earn. Emma was unanimously chosen because she is conscientious about the quality of her work and for the respect that she pays to others.
“She is very kind to fellow students and teachers,” the judges said, “and she is a loyal friend. She helps her fellow students, which means she is attentive to other student and teachers’ needs.  She’s independent in her work, and she’s an inquirer.”
Emma is the daughter of George and Karla Daniels; the granddaughter of atwai Pat Brown.
She won her first Silver Eagle Award in kindergarten, as the youngest recipient ever.  Today, she is a member of the Talented and Gifted Program.
“Writing is my most difficult course,” Emma said.  “But to overcome that, I think my problems through.”

Feb. is Teen Dating Violence Awareness Month

Teen Dating Violence Awareness Month is a national effort to raise awareness about abuse in youth relationships and promote programs that prevent it during the month of February.
The repercussions of teen dating violence are impossible to ignore––they hurt not just the young people victimized but also their families, friends, schools and communities.
Throughout February, organizations and individuals nationwide are coming together to highlight the need to educate young people about healthy relationships, teach healthy relationship skills and prevent the devastating cycle of abuse.
For years, young people across the nation have organized to put a stop to dating violence.  With their adult allies, they achieved a major victor in 2005 when the importance of addressing teen dating violence was highlighted in the reauthorization of the Violence Against Women Act.
The following year, Congress followed the lead of dozens of national, state and local organizations in sounding the call to end teen dating violence. The Presidential Proclamation of Teen Dating Violence Awareness and Prevention Month reads as follows:
National Teen Dating Violence Awareness and Prevention Month reflects our Nation’s growing understanding that violence within relationships often begins during adolescence. 
Each year, about one in four teens report being the victim of verbal, physical, emotional or sexual violence.
Abusive relationships can impact adolescent development and teens who experience dating violence may suffer long-term negative behavioral and health consequences.
Adolescents in controlling or violent relationships may carry these dangerous and unhealthy patterns into future relationships.  The time to break the cycle of teen dating violence is now, before another generations falls victim to this tragedy.
Though many communities face the problem of teen dating violence, young people can be afraid to discuss it, or they may not recognize the severity of physical, emotional or sexual abuse.
Parents and other adults can also be uncomfortable acknowledging that young people experience abuse, or may be unaware of its occurrence.  To help stop abuse before it starts, mentors and leader must stress the importance of mutual respect and challenge representations in popular culture that can lead young people to accept unhealthy behavior in their relationships.
Our efforts to take on teen dating violence must address the social realities of adolescent life today.
Technology such as cell phones, email and social networking websites play a major role in many teenagers’ lives, but these tools are sometimes tragically used for control, stalking and victimization.
Emotional abuse using digital technology, including frequent text messages, threatening emails and circulation of embarrassing messages or photographs without consent can be devastating to young teens.  I encourage concerned teens, parents, and loved ones to contact the National Teen Dating Abuse Helpline at 1-866-331-9474 or visit www.LoveIs Respect.org to receive immediate and confidential advice and referrals.
My Administration is committed to engaging a broad spectrum of community partners to curb and prevent teen dating violence.  The Department of Justice’s Office on Violence Against Women supports collaborative efforts to enhance teens’ understanding of healthy relationships, help them identify signs of abuse, and assist them in locating services.  Resources are available at:
www.OVW.USDOJ.gov/teen dating violence.htm.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention also provide tools to help prevent dating violence among teens.  More information is available at:  www.CDC.gov/ChooseRespect.
During National Teen Dating Violence Awareness and Prevention Month – and throughout the year – let each of us resolve to do our part to break the silence and create a culture of healthy relationships for all our young people.  Adults who respect themselves, their partners, and their neighbors demonstrate positive behaviors to our children – lessons that will help lead safe and happy lives free from violence.

carlos pic.jpg
Courtesy photo
Carlos Tsumpti (right) won men's tradtional dance contest at Third Annual Gathering of Nations Powwow in Salem, OR.


Jan. 26, 2011

chreps for web 004.jpg
Terri Harber/Spilyay
WS community health representatives, from left: Maria Lopez, Emerson Squiemphen, Lori Mitchell and Sara Scott.

Challenges, rewards for care givers

By Terri Harber
Spilyay Tymoo

Community Health representatives in Warm Springs assist more than 300 tribal members—nearly all seniors—with medical needs through home visits.
“We can make a difference,” said Lori Mitchell, one of the reps. “We work with them to help keep them healthy.”
Their primary duty is to ensure these people are doing all right—that their blood pressure, weight and other statistics are as they’re supposed to be.
They also ask questions about such things as the person’s diet, sleep, lifestyle and medication, and report information gathered to medical personnel at the tribes’ Health and Wellness Center.
The doctors, nurses, etc., in turn, use the information the reps bring back to gauge progress and even modify care, if necessary.
“Several times they’ve picked up on a serious condition,” Elizabeth Johnson, the tribes’ community health supervisor, said of the reps.
“They help the patients keep in touch with the community and they notice any cognitive changes the patient might have.”
They also can help families decide if the person needs to relocate to a place where they can better access care, she said.
The goal is to see each patient once a month—sometimes more often if needed.
The problem is that the employees are spending significant amounts of time these days transporting these people to health care providers around the region.
Does the person have family or friends who can drive them places? Does the person have access to public transportation? If so, their families and friends are asked to help out because the increased time spent shuttling patients cuts deeply into the time these workers can spend on home visits each week.
Is cost of gasoline a problem? Perhaps there is a way to mitigate that, Johnson also said.
The transportation offered through this program only should be used if these other potential ways of getting places are unavailable.
For people who have no other way to get to out-of-town to obtain essential cancer treatments or dialysis hookups, the overall help the reps provide proves invaluable, Johnson said.
There are currently 333 tribal members living on the Warm Springs Reservation who are older than age 60. The reps also help younger tribal members with major chronic illnesses, such as cancer, HIV or heart problems.
The reps are overseen by Johnson, who is a registered nurse.
“I like it. It’s different every day,” Mitchell also said about her job. “You get attached to the elders of the community.”
“We’re busy,” said Sara Scott, another rep. “Many of our patients live in the outlying areas. We keep track of their prescriptions and deliver them.”
The reps also finds it helpful to receive 48 hours notice from patients who need transportation, and can better arrange for out-of-town trips on Tuesdays and Thursdays than during the rest of the week.
Call 541-553-1196 for details and to arrange for care.

Class offers support for those who have chronic health issues

Do you suffer from chronic long-term health conditions? Put life back into your life--register and attend a Living Well with Chronic Conditions workshop beginning Tuesday, Feb. 1 in Warm Springs. 
Held each Tuesday morning, the series of classes are designed especially for adults with ongoing health issues such as asthma, diabetes, cancer, arthritis, depression, heart disease and other chronic symptoms.
Each session includes a hot breakfast or healthy snacks.
 The workshop will be held at the Warm Springs Health and Wellness Center located at 1270 Kot-Num Road in the Kitchen Conference Room. 
Classes help you find practical ways to deal with pain and fatigue, improve nutrition and exercise choices, make daily tasks easier, learn to relax, manage stress and much more.
Living Well with Chronic Conditions will teach you how to manage your symptoms with greater results.
There is no charge for the six-week workshop.  Each participant receives the book “Living A Healthy Life with Chronic Conditions.” 
Empower yourself. Take control of your health and feel better now.
For details and to register, call 541-553-1471 or  541-322-7430, or visit: 
Brought to you by Deschutes County, Warm Springs Health and Wellness Center and HealthMatters Central Oregon.

Healthy eating classes slated

The Health and Wellness Center is hosting healthy eating classes in February and March. The classes are as follows:

Healthy Salad Dressings
Learn how to make your own salad dressing. They taste better and are more economical. You’ll get to take some home for the family to try.
Come to either class in the kitchen conference room in the Health and Wellness building: 3:30 p.m. or 5:30 p.m. on Thursday, Feb. 3. Light snacks will be served.

Carbohydrate Counting
This is a series of three classes.  Gifts and low-carbohydrate snacks will be served. 
Please plan on attending all three of the series to truly understand how to manage carbohydrate intake.
This class is open to folks with pre-diabetes, diabetes, or just someone who wants the knowledge.
Come to either class in the kitchen conference room in the Health and Wellness building at 3:30 p.m. or 5:30 p.m.
Each session will be on these Thursdays: Feb. 17, Feb. 24 and March 3.
Call nutritionist Linda Porter for details: 541-553-1196.

WS clinic getting new X-ray equipment

Employees at the Warm Springs Clinic are excited about the upcoming arrival of new and improved X-ray capabilities.
It will be digital equipment.
This upgrade will require the X-ray department to be shut down for approximately 4 weeks starting Jan. 31, however.
During that time, the tribes’ health care providers will be referring out X-rays to Mountain View Hospital.
The clinic will be making options available for those in need of transportation assistance to Madras.
“We realize this will cause some inconvenience and we appreciate your understanding,” said Becky Bressman, a health specialist at the clinic.
Call 541-553-1196, ext. 4510, for details.

Diabetes education topics for 2011

Diabetes prevention specialists have scheduled dinner meetings for 2011.
The meetings will be at the Warm Springs Senior Center from 5-6:30 p.m. on the third Tuesdays of each month.
No meetings scheduled in February and December, though the Heart Smart Dinner will be on Feb. 15.
Dinner is served along with good information and the opportunity to talk with others who are managing their diabetes or caring for diabetic family members.
Here is the schedule of speakers and topics for this year’s diabetes awareness and support group dinner and education meetings:
February  15: Heart Smart dinner.
March 15: Erin Ressler, “Supplements, vitamins, etc.”
April 19: Edmund Francis and Ron Berry, “Fitness at all levels and how exercise affects diabetes.”
May 17: Jeri Kollen: “Kidney, heart and liver affected by diabetes.”
June 21: Montell Elliott, “Preventing diabetes.”
July 19: Diane Fuller, “Access to care at Warm Springs clinic.”
August 16: Linda Porter, “Food safety.”
September 20: Jan Goodwin, “Dialysis center presentation.”
October 18: Wilson Wewa, “Dreams, nightmares, hauntings and paranormal.”
November 15: Ron Berry, “Preventing falls.”

Jan. 12, 2011

old brick building.jpg
Duran Bobb/Spilyay
The Community Counseling Center will be improved through a grant of $1.3 million.

Remodel for counseling center

By Duran Bobb
Spilyay Tymoo

Beginning this month, employees from the Community Counseling Center will temporarily move to the Family Resources Center.  This move marks several changes that could have an impact to those receiving services at either building.
Remodeling comes from a $1.3 million grant through the IHS, Caroline Cruz, Director of Human Services, said.  “We submitted a grant proposal back in 2005,” Cruz said.  “It was not awarded due to lack of sufficient dollars to grant all requests.  They asked us a year later if we’d still like to consider, and we said yes.”
The last time the building was remodeled was approximately seven years ago, when the windows were replaced.  Before that, a new heater/cooling system and carpeting was installed 20 years before.
Changes in store for the historic building include a new main entrance located at the structure’s center. 
There will be a new reception area where the conference room is now located.  Plans include a new children’s therapy area with an observation room, new ADA considerations on the first floor, and both men’s and women’s restrooms on the first and second floor.  There will be a kitchen in the basement, and the exterior of the building will be restored its original appearance.
“The staff has been aware of these changes for a year now,” Cruz said.  “I hear some rumbling, but I keep reminding them to stay focused on the future completion.”
Without any unforeseeable barriers, remodeling should be complete by mid May or early June.
For now, there will be no change in DHS (food stamps) within the Family Resources building.  However, after the remodeling is complete DHS could move to the Tribal Social Services building.  Vocational Rehab would then move to Community Counseling.
Cruz stresses that DHS in Warm Springs is not closing at all, as some tribal members had feared.
In fact, additional services include the opening of the Community Prevention Resource Center, specifically the Community Library within the next few months.
“This type of opportunity rarely comes around,” Cruz said.  “The Health and Wellness Center will receive a new maintenance building, as well as the Community Counseling Center’s remodeling.  We will all be experiencing some discomfort, but once the remodeling is done people will be pleased and will look back on this as a part of history.”

Two nutritionists join staff at Health and Wellness

By Terri Harber
Spilyay Tymoo

The Warm Springs Tribes have two new nutritionists working out of the Health and Wellness Center.
Linda Porter, hired in November, focuses on overall nutrition. She has worked for various tribes throughout the northwest and received her training through Oregon State University.
“Nutrition is a changing science,” Porter said. “We try to stay on top of the new stuff.”
One thing she is considering as outreach to tribal members: a class about how to best shop if you can only go twice a month.
This is a reality for some people living on the reservation. Not everyone is licensed to drive or has access to a car. They need to take a bus or get a ride from a friend or relative and can’t get access to food very often. So they buy items that have a long shelf life—and this can translate into unhealthy eating if the choices aren’t made wisely, she said.
Porter also wants to help people learn how to keep healthy foods longer through freezing, preservation and dehydration so they can get the most health-wise from their shopping trips.
Other areas she can help people with include healthy cooking, juicing, and meal and menu planning. And to work with personnel at the jail, for example, to make food served there healthier and more palatable.
Roopa Puri was born in Madras and also is an Oregon State University graduate. She worked in Portland in a geriatric-psychiatric nursing home that served patients with such problems as Alzheimer’s. She recently returned to the area. She will work with the Women, Children and Infants Program to help this segment of the population improve their eating habits and, in turn, their health.
“It all starts with the mothers,” Puri said. “They are very important.”
Puri seeks to highlight ways to curb poor eating and weight issues with which mothers and children contend—and the illnesses that rise from obesity and an unhealthy diet.
Both new employees would like to spread knowledge about from where food originates.
They would like to do this through gardening. Puri wants to see children enrolled in classes at Early Childhood Education learn how to garden, foe example.
The children “can learn where food comes from and how and what it is,” she said.
For details, contact Porter or Puri at 541-553-1196.

Washanaksha committee announces grant awards

The Washanaksha Cultural Trust Committee has announced new grant awards. The committee awarded $6,075 to the following individuals for the following purposes:
Lucinda David Green, $1,825, for cultural events.
Delson Suppah and KWSO Radio, $1,500, for Native American language presentation.
Emerson Squiemphen, $1,000, drum making instruction.
Wanda S. VanPelt, Roy Heath and Margaret Suppah, $850, shell dress preparation-breast plate instruction.
Phillip David, $300, net making instruction.
Saraphine Scott, $300, horse trappings instruction.
Rose M. Charley, $300, jewelry and moccasin making instruction.
Committee members present for the award decision were Dallas Winishut Jr., Sue Matters, Paul M. Patton, Brigette Whipple, Sandra Danzuka and Rosalind Sampson.
The Washanaksha Cultural Trust Committee provides grants through the Oregon Cultural Trust.

Dec. 29, 2010

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Terri Harber/Spilyay
Newly minted graduates
Two Warm Springs youths graduated from high school last week after completing their studies by using the computer lab on the reservation. Adrial Pineda (left) and Jason Smartlowit finished all their requirements through the Bridges program offered through the Jefferson County School District. More than 100 young people are part of the alternative program districtwide. It helps those students who want to earn their high school diploma but have life challenges that make it difficult to attend regular classes on the Madras campus. If they choose, they also can participate in the graduation ceremony for Madras High School students in the spring.
Dave McMechan/Spilyay
Grandmother's donation presented
Government Affairs director Louie Pitt presents a $500 check to Becky Main, director of Children’s Protective Services (CPS) and her staff. The gift was from Elizabeth “Granny” Digman of Portland, 94, who is the grandmother of two young tribal members. She sent the check to Louie to forward on to CPS for Christmas presents for the kids at CPS.

Dec. 15, 2010

IAC - Rosebud Whipple.gif
OSU Extension
Agriculture highlighted
Rosebud Whipple speaks at the agriculture symposium held in early December in Las Vegas. It was hosted by the Intertribal Agriculture Council and Indian Nations Conservation Alliance. She was one among a significant contingency of local youths at the event.

Dec. 1, 2010

Terri Harber/Spilyay
Timely training
OSU's recent training focused on holiday items, such as making a pumpkin pie from scratch. These boys were making pie filling.
Best Flaky Pie Crust
1-1/4 cups all-purpose flour
1/2 cup shortening, chilled
1/4 teaspoon salt
3 tablespoons ice water
1. Whisk flour and salt together in medium-sized bowl. With pastry blender, cut in cold shortening until the mixture resembles coarse crumbs. Drizzle 2 to 3 tablespoons ice water over flour. Toss mixture with a fork to moisten, adding more water -- a few drops at a time -- until dough comes together.
2. Gently gather dough particles together into a ball. Cover in plastic wrap ans chill for at least 30 minutes before rolling.
3. Roll out dough, and put in a pie pan. Fill with desired filling and bake.
Courtesy OSU extension 4-H, from Allrecipes.com
Photo by Terri Harber
Beading break
A medallion-necklace making class drew craft-loving tribal members to the basement of the Culture and Heritage Building last week. The event drew many youths because school was out of session last week. Adults also attended at least one of the sessions supervised by Minnie Wallulatum.

Administration building roof repair

By Dave McMechan
Spilyay Tymoo

Workers last week continued replacing the roof of the tribal administration building.
The building has had a serious water leakage problem for the past several years, a potentially disastrous situation, considering the departments and computers that are housed at admin.
The project was initially estimated at $100,000, said Don Courtney, director of Utilities.
However, the problem was found to be more serious than first thought, as the original roofing plywood was not properly installed.
“So it turned out to be a bigger problem,” Courtney said.
The replacement project now is estimated at $175,000.
A sound roof is important, as certain improvements to the inside of the building have to wait until the roof is waterproof.
The roof replacement is almost complete, which will make for a quieter workplace for the employees at admin.
Work on a new roof at the Simnasho Longhouse is going on at the same time.
The longhouse could use some flooring work, but this has to wait until the roof is repaired, said Courtney.
Another building that needs roof work is the apparel building at the industrial park.

Hospice hosting Light Up a Life Tree

A community tradition for more than 15 years, Mountain View Hospice extends an invitation to participate in the annual “Light Up A Life” celebration.
The celebration offers an opportunity to dedicate a light in honor of someone admired or in memory of someone missed.
Donations will illuminate lights on the Light Up a Life tree during a name reading ceremony located at Mountain View Hospital this Friday, Dec. 3 from 6–8 p.m. with a
reception to follow. Dress warmly as part of the celebration will be held outdoors. 
Your tax-deductible contribution is a meaningful gift.  Light Up a Life celebrates the life of honored loved ones and helps Hospice meet the needs of patients, families
and the community.
Another opportunity to give is by buying raffle tickets being sold by Mountain View Hospice. The prize is a traditional handmade Santa, $100 gift certificate to Aspen
Ridge Tree Farm, and a 90 minute massage by a licensed massage therapist to bodywork by Kestrel. The winner will be selected at the Light Up a Life celebration.
Tickets will be sold six for $10 and one for $2.
The mission of Mountain View Hospice is to provide compassionate end of life care with excellence to patients families, loved ones and the community of Madras,
Warm Springs and the outlying areas of Jefferson County. If you would like to participate in this annual gift of light or purchase raffle tickets, please contact Mountain View Hospice (541) 460-4030.


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Terri Harber/Spilyay
Nutritionists Linda Porter and Roopa Puri


Nov. 17, 2010

Duran Bobb/Spilyay

Counselor seeks answers in martial arts

By Duran Bobb
Spilyay Tymoo

Two years ago, Dabid Rodriguez began looking for answers to some complicated questions in his life, when he was brought on board by Community Counseling.
Two years later, as the Alcohol and Drug Adolescent Treatment Specialist, Rodriguez considers himself a bit closer to finding his answers.
“I’ll be the first to admit,” he says, “that I probably need counseling myself.  Most of us could use counseling. But I tell my clients that when they sit and talk with a friend and really let their problems out, that’s counseling.”
A father of two, Rodriguez, 31, works mostly with adolescents ages 13 to 18. Many of his clients are court-ordered.  However, there has been an increase in the number of youth who are seeking counseling on their own.
“Raised on the reservation, there are already two or three strikes against us,” Rodriguez says. “Parents are glad that there’s someone young here for their kids to talk to.  I think the youth know now that there’s someone here to listen.”
After graduating from Madras High School in 1997, Rodriguez attended college in Mesa, Ariz., before serving a year in the Navy.  People on the reservation might recognize him from the Hot Shot Crew and police department. He continues taking courses at Mt. Hood Community College, working towards becoming a certified alcohol and drug counselor.
“But I’m not perfect by any means,” he says. “Sometimes I wish I could take my own advice.”
Over the years, Rodriguez began pondering life and death. “I don’t pray as much as I should. But one time, when things were weighing in on me, I just started out—‘God, Jehovah, Allah, whoever You are… anybody who’s listening!’  And I don’t know which one answered, but things cleared up for me.”
Today, Rodriguez continues his search for answers.  He reads books, sweats, smudges, prays—and he rolls.
“I learned a while back that 90 percent of fights start standing up. 99.9 percent end on the ground.  If you get someone on the ground and you know what you’re doing, then you’ll have the advantage.”
Gracie Jiu-Jitsu is a martial art that focuses on grappling and ground fighting. It teaches that a smaller, weaker person can win a battle with a larger assailant by using certain holds.
“It’s physically challenging, but there’s a lot of mental work involved.  A lot of people think that you need to be the bad type to be a part of this, but that’s not true.
“I love the history behind it,” he said. “This is about discovering who you really are inside.”
Rodriguez says that when he’s rolling, his mind clears. All thoughts are gone and he becomes focused.  “It becomes something that has nothing to do with winning or losing.”
It helps when you want to become a good listener, he says.
“And sometimes, that’s all the youth need is just someone to listen. Kids are smarter than most people think, they have the answers inside and they’ll eventually find it if you just listen.”
Today, Rodriguez spends as much time with his children as he possibly can.  He listens to his clients and his heart, seeking answers to his own personal puzzles.
“I know people who go strictly by the Bible,” he said. “And that’s fine.  Right now, I don’t identify with any particular religion. But I believe in God, a Creator. Rather than looking and watching other people, I believe in focusing on myself and fixing what might be wrong there.  For me, that starts with Jiu-Jitsu.”
Anybody with experience in wrestling or martial arts is invited to join.  Members include Wayne Gilbert and Isaac George.
Jiu-Jitsu practice is each Tuesday and Thursday night at 7 in the community center aerobics room.

Blanket giveaway helps the homeless

By Dave McMechan
Spilyay Tymoo

The cold time of year is especially hard for the people who are without a home. Old tents and abandoned vehicles are the only shelter that some of them have.
And there are many homeless people around Warm Springs and also Madras, said Neda Wesley, tribal elder. We don’t realize the number of homeless in the local communities because they live away from public view, she said.
Neda, Eliza Jim, Hilda Culpus and Charlotte Herkshan hosted a lunch and blanket giveaway last Friday for people in need. They served lukameen in the parking lot near the Warm Springs Market, then gave away several blankets and sleeping bags.
“We’ve been visitng yard sales and buying sleeping bags, blankets and anything else to keep people warm, and we made some scarves for people,” said Neda.
“We have begged for a winter home for the homeless,” she said, “but we’re told that there is no money for this kind of thing.”
She’s heard people say that giving shelter to the homeless is like giving General Assistance checks, which can discourage people from trying to find a job.
“I would like them to have jobs too,” Neda said, “but I also want to help people right now. We don’t want to see people freeze to death.”

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Terri Harber/Spilyay

SMILE promotes math and science knowledge

By Terri Harber
Spilyay Tymoo

Youths were able to do such things as watch aluminum cans crumple without human effort and create their own tiny critters during an annual event that highlights math and science education.
SMILE Family Night at Jefferson County Middle School on Nov. 4 allowed students and their families to participate in hands-on scientific demonstrations while enjoying dinner, raffles and even Native American music.
Most of the families there were from the Warm Springs Reservation.
The youths in grades 4-12 involved attend Warm Springs Elementary School, Jefferson County Middle School and Madras High School.
SMILE is short for the Science and Mathematics Investigative Learning Experiences Program.
It’s a partnership between Oregon State University and 14 school districts across the state – including Jefferson – to provide science and math enrichment in school districts where significant numbers of students don’t complete high school.
Increasing exposure to math and science is a way to ensure that more students in Oregon finish high school, go on to college and focus on careers in such areas as science, math, health, engineering and teaching, according to OSU.

Squiemphen-Yazzie wins state, national oratory contests

Madras High School senior Amanda Squiemphen-Yazzie recently won a first-place award for a speech she delivered at the Oregon Indian Education Association.
Squiemphen-Yazzie, of Warm Springs, was then selected to attend the National Indian Education Association conference in San Diego, where she received a second award. The Native/English Oratory Contests were open to students of all ages and focused on the topic of education and student motivation.
“I talked about how it’s important to tie education into things we can relate to like sports, hunting or anything outdoors,” said Squiemphen-Yazzie.
According to Jefferson County School District Superintendent Rick Molitor, Squiemphen-Yazzie’s speech was powerful and heart-felt, especially when she talked about the challenges Native American youth are facing with drugs and alcohol.
“I started crying on stage when I was talking about people we had recently lost on the reservation,” said Squiemphen-Yazzie. “It was important for me to share that because it had a big impact on my community.”
The Annual NIEA Native/English Oratory Contest called for speeches on how to get students motivated and why it is important.
Squiemphen-Yazzie, who is of Navajo decent, was inspired by the opportunity to meet so many Native Americans from different parts of the country, and she has decided to study and learn her Native language.
Her hope is to attend Washington State University next fall. She believes her experiences with OIEA and NIEA will be a great addition to her college resume and her future overall.
“We are so proud of Amanda,” said Madras High School Principal Gary Carlton. “When a student accomplishes something like this, it really shines in our community.”
“I really want to thank the people who there to support and encourage me at the conference,” said Squiemphen-Yazzie, who was joined at the San Diego conference by family members and school district staff.
Squiemphen-Yazzie said she hopes to encourage her peers and younger classmates to participate in future contests and to “get out, make new friends, make good choices and to do your best in everything you do.”

OSU offers calving school in Warm Springs

The Oregon State University calving school will focus on problems and diseases associated with healthy beef calf parturition (the process of giving birth).
This also includes management and nutritional considerations that promote proper delivery of calves.
Participants also will learn about calving difficulties, and when and how to assist with the delivery, with the use of dummies.
OSU encourages attendance by producers and workers within the cattle industry, at all experience levels. Youths also are invited to attend the training.
The local Winter Calving School is being held in Warm Springs. It will be from 4-7 p.m. on Tuesday, Dec. 14, in the Education Building training room on the reservation.
Cost for the class is $10 per person. Meal and handbook included.
For details, contact Fara Brummer, 541-553-3238.

New advocates see challenges and rewards

By Duran Bobb
Spilyay Tymoo

Three new advocates have joined the team at Victims of Crime.  They are Barbie Jackson-Shields, Pam Fuiava, and Charlene Dawson-Smith.
Barbie says that she wanted to work for VOCS because, as far as the victims are concerned, it makes her feel better knowing that they’re safe and that she has made a difference.
Recently married, Barbie moved home from Portland when she accepted the position at VOCS.
She helps the department by doing intakes, home-visits, and even ventures into the correction facility where she helps conduct the women’s support group.
The new advocates help victims obtain restraining orders when needed, find safe shelter and will eventually provide cell phones to clients for temporary use. 
Pam said that she is able to relate to the clients that she works with.
“It is a rewarding opportunity,” Pam said, “but it’s also challenging in some ways.  I consider myself to be a soft-hearted person...and just to relate to them, what they’re going through sometimes.  I can’t help but to think of things that have happened in my own life, and my children.  And to have the clients come up and thank you after you’ve done what you can, it’s very touching.”
Barbie said that the job brings back many old memories for her, during a time when she might have used the program’s services herself.
“It’s a job that you live,” Barbie said.  “24-hours a day, especially when you’re on call.”
Each advocate at VOCS is on-call for four days per week, taking turns assisting in emergency situations.
Any victim in the community may call the Warm Springs Police Department when help is needed.  They will be put in touch with a VOCS advocate.
“It’s something that I have to explain to my children,” Pam said.  “This is something important that Mommy has to do.”
“When it’s a case that really hits you,” Barbie said, “you can empathize with the person you’re helping.  All differences aside, no matter who is in need, you feel for them so deeply that you have to wait until after work to show your emotions.”

3 Oregon Zoo condors released

Three California condors hatched and raised at the Oregon Zoo’s Jonsson Center for Wildlife Conservation have taken to the Southwest skies over the past two months, winging their way to a promising future in the wild.
The releases mark important steps in the California Condor Recovery Program’s efforts to save these critically endangered birds from extinction.
In September, Nawinala’ was set free at a release site in northern Arizona’s Vermilion Cliffs Monument. And in October, Laah-tiss and Chan-a-hop both took to the open skies in California.
Condors are a revered symbol in many Native American cultures and are prominent in the storytelling of different tribes. They are also well known for the awe they struck in the hearts of Lewis and Clark when they encountered the avian giants soaring high above the Columbia Gorge.
Keepers describe Nawinala’– who hatched in 2007–as fearless. He got off to a rough start at the zoo’s breeding facility when he challenged his mentor bird, Pismo, for the top perch and she broke his beak. The young condor was kept at the facility long enough to ensure proper healing before being moved to Arizona for release.
Laah-tiss also seems to be quite a tough bird. Upon her Oct. 11 release at Pinnacles National Monument, she wound up flying with several free condors in the area. A 1-year-old wild-fledged chick challenged Laah-tiss, attempting to oust her and another new release from the flock, but Laah-tiss boldly held her ground and did not allow the other bird to push her out.
Two more condors––Chxi tayi and Huli––are currently awaiting release in a field pen in Arizona and could take to the skies any day now.
“They will be releasing birds for several more weeks,” said Kelli Walker, zoo condor keeper. “Sometimes they open the pen and no one decides to come out.”  
All of the wild releases are “soft releases,” meaning that the birds are allowed to exit the flight pens at their own discretion.

Nov. 3, 2010

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Dave McMechan/Spilyay

ECE hosts trick-or-treaters

The Early Childhood Education Center hosted trick-or-treaters on Friday, Oct. 29. ECE this year also had a haunted house. Hundreds of kids, accompanied by their parents, trick-or-treated at ECE, and then walked over to the IHS clinic for more candy and other Halloween treats.

KWSO programming to recognize our veterans

Each Veterans Day, Warm Springs Community Radio—KWSO, airs special programming to recognize the contributions and sacrifices veterans have made in serving their country.
Several years ago KWSO read the names of Veterans and this year—the list will be read again including all Warm Springs Veteran’s past and present.  Below is the list that has been developed. 
Community Members are asked to review these names for accuracy.  The hope is that, with community feedback, each Veteran’s branch and era of service can be added.  If you know of a Veteran not on the list—it can be added.  To verify information, contribute additional details or add someone – please contact KWSO.

Warm Springs Veterans (Past and Present)
Aaron Gadberry, Aaron Kalama, Alan Langley, Albert Comedown, Alfred Clark, Alfred Smith Jr, Allen Gilbert Sr, Alphonso Garcia, Alfred Smith Sr, Alvin Charley Sr, Alvin J. Smith Sr, Alvis Smith III, Alvis Smith Sr, Anita Bryant, Anthony Davis, Armando Ribeiro, Arthur Mitchell, Arthur Thomas, Austin Smith Jr, Ben Holliday Jr, Benjamin Dick, Benny Powyowit, Bertson Simtustus, Bill Sam, Brian Suppah, Bruce Brunoe Sr, Bruce Smith, Calvin Two Bears, Cecil Brunoe Sr, Cecil Seyler, Charles Calica, Charles Kalama, Charles McKay, Charles Moody, Charles Tufti, Chesley Yahtin Sr, Chester Vanpelt, Claude Smith Jr, Claude Smith Sr, Clifford Arthur Sr, Clifford Meachem, Curtis Brown, Cyril Johnson, Dallas Winishut Sr, Dan Macy Jr, Daniel Brisbois, Daniel Martinez, Danny Katchia, Danny Scott, Darrell Smith, David Kalani, David Red Fox, Davis Miller, Delbert Frank Sr, Delton Switzler, Dennis Leonard, Dennis Thompson, Ed Manion, Eddie Reed, Edward Henderson, Eldon Tom, Eldred Heath, Elliott Palmer, Ellison David Sr, Elman Kishwalk, Elmer Henry, Elmer Quinn, Elmer Scott Jr, Elton Greeley, Emerson Culpus, Emerson Smith, Emery Parker, Erland Suppah, Ernest Spencer, Eugene Greene Sr, Eugene Parker, Everett Miller, Fabian Sutterlee, Felix Wallulatum, Francis Kalama, Francis Thomas, Francisco Martinez, Frank Brunoe, Frank Mitchell, Franklin Suppah, Freddie Blodgett, Garland Brunoe, Gary Smith, Gaylord Heath, George Aguilar, George Boise, Gerald Danzuka Jr, Gerald Sampson, Gerald Wewa, Gilbert Brunoe, Gilbert Yahtin, Grant Waheneka, Gus (Nick) Kalama, Hamilton Greeley, Hamley Danzuka, Harold Culpus, Harold Lewis, Harriman Palmer, Harrison Davis Sr, Harry Miller, Harvey Jim, Harvey Scott, Harvey Tohet, Henry D. Martinez,
Henry Kalama Sr, Hester Scott, Hiram Yaw, Huston Moody, Isaac Esquiro, James Coburn, James Teeman, James Welden, Jameson Mitchell, Janice Smith, Jeff Mitchell
Jeffery Sanders Sr, Jerome Henry, Jerry St. Germaine, Jessie Anstett, Jim Sahme, John Courtney, John Francis Lewis, John Miller, Johnny George, Johnny Guerin, Jonathan Smith, Kathleen Heath Foltz, Keith Baker, Keith Moody, Kelsey Haywahe, Kenneth Miller, Kirby Heath Sr, Larry Langley, Larry Switzler, Larson Kalama, Lasco Gilbert, Laurence Squiemphen Sr, Lavena Ike, Lawren Slockish, Lawrence Brown, Lawrence Macy, Lawrence Squiemphen Jr, Lawrence Tufti, Leo Hellon, Leonard Kalama, Leroy Scott, Levi Dowty, Levi Greene, Levi Keo, Lewis Baker, Lloyd Adams, Lloyd G. Smith Sr, Louie LeClaire Jr, Louis Henry, Louis Tewee, Louise Jackson, Lyman Jim, Manuel Garcia, Mark Stacona, Marvin Ike, Marvin Meanus Sr, Max Jackson, McKinley Wesley,
Melvin Greeley, Melvin Wewa, Merris Wallulatum Sr, Milan Smith Jr, Milan Smith Sr
Milton Holliday, Morris Johnson, Moses Hellon, Nat Shaw, Nelson Wallulatum, Nelson Wolfe, Nelson Zumont, Omar Winishut St, Orville Danzuka, Orville Lewis, Oscar Moses, Patrick Mitchell, Paul Henderson, Percy Miller, Percy Winishut, Phillip David, Pierson Mitchell, Powell Spencer, Rafael Queahpama, Rain Circle, Ralph Queahpama,
Randolph Boise Sr, Randy Smith, Ray Lyle Holliday, Ray Scott, Raylene Thomas, Raymond Gene Smith, Raymond Johnson Sr, Raymond Moody, Raymond Tsumpti Jr,
Raymond Tsumpti Sr, Reginald Kalani, Reginald Winishut, Reuben Johnson Sr, Richard Hellon, Richard Macy, Richard Scott, Richard Tohet, Rick Santos, Robert Sanders, Robert Thomas Jr, Roger Smith, Roland Kalama Sr, Ronald Kalani, Ronald Smith, Roosevelt Heath, Rosco Dick, Roscoe Smith, Roscoe Stacona, Roscoe Thompson Sr, Rose Sanchez, Ross Kalama Jr, Ross Kalama Sr, Roy Heath Sr, Roy Meachem, Rueben Johnson Jr, Russell Smith, Sam Scott, Sam Wewa, Sammy Danzuka, Sammy Hatchet, Shauna Queahpama, Shawnelle Shaw, Sherman Holliday, Sidney Miller, Simon John,
Sims Holliquilla, Sophie Smith, Spencer Keo, Stephen Boise, Steven James, Tamera Calhoun-Coffee, Tashna Hicks-Wert, Terence Courtney Jr, Thoedore Brunoe, Thomas Kalama, Tommy Keo, Tommy Smith, Tony Fuentes, Tony Suppah, Tracy Arthur, Truman Lumpmouth Jr, Uren Leonard Jr, Vernon Henry, Vesta Johnson, Victor Moses, Vinson Macy, Virgil Switzler, Walter Langnese III, Wayne Miller, Wesley Charley, Wilford Johns Jr, Wilford Sooksoit Sr, Wilkins Hellon, Willard Suppah Jr, Willard Tewee, William Spencer Hicks, William Wainanwit Sr, Willis Miller, Wilson Frank,
Wilson Spencer, Woodrow Smith Sr, WynterDawn Smith, Zane Jackson.

KWSO 91.9 FM, PO Box 489, 4174 Highway 3, Warm Springs, OR  97761. Ph. 541-553-1968, fax 541-553-3348. E-mail kwso@wstribes.org

Christmas parade, more family fun slated

The annual Warm Springs  Lights Parade will be on Thursday, Dec. 2. 
Afterward, enjoy the Christmas tree lighting and other activities at the Community Center. This event is billed as Warm Springs Christmas Family Fun.
“The organizing team wanted to create an event that would encourage more family attendance and offer activities that both children and adults would enjoy,” said Caroline Cruz, manager of tribal human resoruces and chair of the event organizing committee.
Encouraging families to have fun also is thought to discourage such problems as gang involvement and substance abuse.
Young and old should be able to find something to like. The tentative list of activities includes personal cupcake decorating, holiday coloring, music, singing and karaoke.
Also visit with Smokey Bear, Sparky the Dog, Katie Kangaroo, McGruff the Crime Dog and Santa Claus.
Warm Springs residents and employees are welcome to enter a float and participate in the parade. Talk with Carol Sahme at Warm Springs Recreation for parade entry details, 541-553-3243.
A choir is being formed for entertainment. Contact Joe Marmo at 541-553-2211 or Don Courtney at 541-553-3246 if you can carry a tune.
Other volunteers are needed to help bring this event to the community. Upcoming meetings for volunteers and organizers will be publicized.
Donations of money and outdoor holiday lights also are needed. Call 541-553-3205.
—Terri Harber

Advice on staying well this season

By Diane Fuller
W.S. Health and Wellness Center

Every flu season is different, and influenza can affect people differently. Even healthy children and adults can get very sick from the flu and spread it to others.
Everyone aged 6 months and older should receive an annual influenza vaccination.
Getting an annual influenza vaccination will protect you and those you care about from the flu.
A seasonal flu vaccination is especially recommended for people with chronic medical conditions, pregnant women, people living or caring for babies six months and younger or people who are unable to be vaccinated because of health reasons, and all health care workers.
It’s not too early to get a flu shot—immunity will last through the season. The reason people need annual flu shots is because the strains shift from year to year, not because immunity from vaccine wanes.
People who were vaccinated against H1N1 last year are still strongly advised to get the seasonal flu shot this fall; it protects against three strains, and we don’t know which will predominate this coming season. Even if they were vaccinated last year for the 2009 H1N1 virus, it may not provide full protection for this season.
Seasonal flu vaccines consist of three likely influenza strains: H1N1, H3N2 and Influenza B (all three strains are co-circulating around the world).
The Centers for Disease Control says that even though the World Health Organization declared the H1N1 pandemic officially over in August 2010, the H1N1 virus will likely continue to spread for years to come, like a regular seasonal influenza virus.
Seasonal flu vaccine, which is manufactured by strict federal standards and thoroughly tested before it is offered to the public, began arriving in Oregon in August and will continue through the end of the year.
Some children ages 9 and under may need two doses of seasonal flu to provide the best protection. Parents should check with their health care provider.
Prevention is a crucial part of staying healthy during flu season.
Cover your cough;
Wash your hands;
Stay home when you’re sick;
Get vaccinated.
For more information, call me at (541)553-1196 ext 4420 or email:

Slimdown Challenge returns for 2011

Last year’s Moving Mountains Slimdown Challenge was a huge success as 339 people signed up to lose weight and get healthier.
For those looking to participate in the 2011 event, you won’t have long to wait. The 2011 challenge will start in January, about six weeks earlier than last year’s event.
The initial weigh-ins will be held at Mountain View Hospital and at the Warm Springs Diabetes Prevention Building on Jan. 19, 20, 21 and 22. The post-event weigh-in will be May 5, 6 and 7.
The event is open to all Jefferson County residents. Along with the individual competitions, entrants can join four-person teams in three categories: women, men and mixed (two each). Team participants are also eligible to win individual payouts as well.
Event organizers have made a few changes from last year, including how the prize money will be awarded. This year, the top five places in the men’s and women’s events will receive cash awards, along with the top three men’s, women’s and mixed teams. Last year, only the top three individuals received pay and the top teams.
The entry fee is $30, $25 of which will go directly to a prize money pool for the entrant's categories. Entrants will also get a T-shirt this year.
The participants are measured in three categories – weight-waist measurements and hip measurement – and the winners are based on their individual percentage of loss in each category, not total pounds and inches lost.
The goal of Moving Mountains is to challenge the entire countywide community to live healthier lives, to transform a contest commitment into lifelong habits. During the run of the event, weekly nutrition and/or exercise programs are offered at no charge to Moving Mountains participants.
This year, organizers have established what they refer to as the No Yo-Yo rule. All those who were money winners last year (a total of 18 entrants) who have gained more than 20 percent of the weight they lost during last year’s event are not allowed to participate in the 2011 event. So, if you were in the money last year and have gained back over 20 percent of what you lost, you have until mid-January to get back down under that 20 percent mark if you want to participate.
The Moving Mountains Slimdown Challenge is sponsored by Mountain View Hospital, Jefferson County Health Department, Warm Springs Diabetes Prevention Program, the Madras Aquatic Center and the Madras Pioneer.
For further information, contact Carolyn Harvey at the Jefferson County Health Department (541-475-4456) or Beth Ann Beamer at Mountain View Hospital (541-460-4023).

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Terri Harber/Spilyay
Justice Kalama, dressed as a Human Ribbon, stands silently as Shari Macy receives a purple lapel ribbon from Viola Govenor. The purple ribbons were symbols to spread awareness about domestic violence.

Awareness Campaign

Victims of Crime Services  “Human Ribbon,” Justice Kalama, watches as Shari Macy receives an awareness lapel ribbon from VOCS advocate Viola Govenor (above, from left) at the Warm Springs Market. October was devoted to advocating prevention and awareness of domestic violence as part of Domestic Violence Awareness Month. Also, VOCS advocate Juanita Villa pins a ribbon on Jerome Davis (photo at left). Young people who volunteered as the human ribbons stood quietly at locations around the reservation. When questioned about what they were doing, they would help spread the message of prevention and awareness, said Dorothy Kalama, VOCS advocate supervisor.

Makeover for School for the Deaf

By Duran Bobb
Spilyay Tymoo

On Halloween night, a special Extreme Makeover aired on ABC, featuring the Oregon School for the Deaf in Salem.
Jayson Smith, who attended OSD from fifth-grade to graduation, worked at the school’s Halloween Nightmare Factory from 1988 to 1996.
“My grandpa found out that a tribal member had graduated from OSD back in 1978,” Jayson said.  “The Spilyay had an announcement about Clint Brunoe’s graduation in 1978.  My grandpa took me there in 1979.”
In July of 2009, the doors to the Oregon School for the Blind closed due to lack of funding.  Tribal Member Jeremy Doney attended this school.  This created some concern at OSD, which is just 10 miles from Chemawa.
When school counselor Ed Roberts heard that the school for the blind had closed, he was heartbroken.  He wanted to find a way that he could help prevent OSD from suffering the same fate, something right up his alley.  He had worked on haunted houses before. “There’s nothing better than scaring people physically,” he said.
“Ed Roberts was my counselor from the boys’ dorm for many years,” Jayson said.  “He created the haunted house starting in 1987.”
The Nightmare Factory generates funds that help to keep OSD open.
“When I first looked,” contractor Rich Duncan said, “I saw that there was a risk that the authorities could come in and shut [the haunted house] down.  We wanted to bring that up to code.”
Horror movie producer Rob Zombie assisted the Extreme Makeover cast in creating a newer, safer haunted house.  The crew poured cement floors, raised new walls, and designed frightening prop.  They even built a new boy’s dorm.
“That boy’s dorm was from 1950,” Jayson said.  “It needed remodeling bad.”
All students and their families were flown away to be fitted with hearing aids.  Some students heard for the first time.
One student, Lucas, said, “When I put my hearing aid on, I could hear my mom say ‘I love you.’” 
Tribal members who attended OSD include:  Jayson Smith, Clint Brunoe, and Chico Holliday’s stepson.  
OSD was established in 1870 and is operated by the Oregon Dept of Education.
As of air time, attendance at the school’s Nightmare Factory had tripled and was still rising at over 30,000 visitors.
“I went through twice!” Allie Smith, who works at Chemawa, said.  “All of the students got go in.  The Extreme Makeover staff was pretty neat.  I’m happy for them, raising all the money they did.”
League play is over for the year and won’t start again until spring so the vandalism shouldn’t affect upcoming scheduled  games.
Anyone with information about this vandalism is asked to contact police at 541-553-1171. Ask for the on-duty officer. 

Washanaksha grants available

By Duran Bobb
Spilyay Tymoo

Applications are now available for the 2011 Washanaksha Community Cultural Participation Grant, funded by the Oregon Cultural Trust.  Washanaksha is an Ichishkiin word, meaning “understand it better”.
The priorities of the Cultural Trust Committee are to promote tribal members’ understanding of, and involvement in, cultural activities; pass on tribal knowledge and practices to the youth to help them feel connected to their culture; preserve, practice and teach tribal languages; and support the work of artists and traditional teachers, including their ability to earn a living from their work.
Last year, grants were awarded to Wanda Van Pelt, Rosemary Scott, Jefferson Greene, Saraphina Scott, and CarlaDean Winishut. 
These grants helped to fund, among other projects, the mural at Warm Springs Market, beading demonstrations, and High Lookee arts and crafts.
Grant awards range from $50 to $2,000.  The Cultural Trust Committee aims at providing grants to as many applicants as possible.
Tribal members, residents of Warm Springs, committees, programs, and community organizations are eligible to receive these grants.
Deadline to submit an application is Nov 30.  Grant awards will be announced and distributed by January 2011.
Applications are available at the Museum at Warm Springs, or online at warmsprings.com.
For more information, please contact Myra Johnson at 541-553-9620. Or email:

Students post outstanding attendance at JCMS

A number of students at Jefferson County Middle School showed outstanding attendance in September, said Butch David, school district liaison.
For the 17 school days during the month, these students had perfect attendance:

Eighth grade
Nicole Andy, Voshaun Bryant, Elsie Canute, Alias Charley, Benjamin Charley, Koedy Florendo, Cirelle Frank, Tammy Goudy, Jessi Hatlestad, Michael Lewis, Jarron Lopez, Shelby Mauritson, Shelby Moody, LeiRon Picard.
Jered Pichette, Leah Rodriguez-White, Devynn Rodriguez, Mary Lee Sconawah, Hailey Sloan, Lexius Sloan, Ray Smith Jr., DeAndre Smith, Margarette Tapia, Shania Tom, Gabrielle Waldow, Chantel Williams-Picard, Devon Wolfe.

Seventh grade
Janae Adams, Germaine Anderson, Julius Bagley, Gavin Begay, Benjamin Billey, Alyssa Brunoe, Quindon Calica, Brittany Craig, Reed Doney, Felix EagleSpeaker, Dondi Foster, Elvis Frank, Lillian Gonzalez, Quinten Greene.
Barbara Halliday, Robert Hatlestad, Dalton Herkshan, Quinten Hoptowit, Christin Jack, Desmond Katchia, Teagan Kerr, Soraya Mendez, Jeremy Miller, KyeOwna Miller, Erminio Parra-Pena Jr.
Austin Raushenburg, Jasmyn Reese, Isaac Reynoso, Lana Shike, Callista Smith, Jordan Spino, Che’ Stiffarm, Ulyssa Suppah.
Izaya Tahnezani, Lauren Teal, Tyra Thomas, Rosebud Whipple, Kalan Wolfe, Rheianna Wolfe, Vivian Yazzie.
Sixth grade
Amaya Adams, Kalisa Alire, Ceceilia Andy, Dahl’ana Antunez, Renee Arthur-Poitra,  Terrell Bailey, Bryttaney Brisbois, Thyrecia Chavez, Justine Clements, Deon Culpus, Brock Doney, Damean Frank, Jerilynne Frank, Lupe Galicia, Shoshanah Garcia, Denise Herkshan, Johnny Holiday Jr, Savannah Holiday, Kris Howtopat. Rodger Jack, Autumn Johnson, Garyson Johnson, Celestine Morning Owl, Mascena Nava, Brittany Parra, Jordan Patt, Marisol Perez, Kiani Picard, Adam Rubio Jr, Marisela Sanchez, Ostynn Schjoll, LeiOnah Scott, Tai’Anne Smith-Muldrow, Anessia Smith, Darrell Smith, Adrianna Switzler, Carol Tias, Kenneth Tuckta Jr, Reanna Welden, Aaron Winishut.

Native Visions eyewear available

By Duran Bobb
Spilyay Tymoo

Optometry at the Warm Springs clinic has just received eyewear designs by Native American Artist Virgil “Smoker” Marchand.
“These frames for eyeglasses just arrived,” Dr. Russ Cory says, “and they’re a huge hit.”
The frames by Marchand feature Native American designs cut into broad temples.  The three designs available are Raven, Coyote Moon, and Medicine Horse.
“What’s interesting,” Dr. Cory said, “is that the company, Encore Vision, is actually looking for more designs.  So people can submit their ideas.”
Virgil Marchand is a member of the Lakes Band of the Colville tribes.  His Indian name, “Spa Poule” means Smokey, and was given to him by his grandmother.  He is a gradutate of the Prestigious Institute of American Indian Arts in Santa Fe.
Marchand says that he utilizes his traditional and cultural influence to create an experience spirited through visions and reflections of the past and present.
“One thing to note,” Dr. Cory adds, “is that the Warm Springs Shasta plan will not cover these frames.  So if people would like to order Native Visions frames, it would be an out-of-pocket expense.”

Daily choices help in coping with diabetes

By Brenda Johnson
Regional coordinator
Living Well Central Oregon

When you come down with an acute illness such as the flu or a cold, you know you will be feeling better within a week or so. But when you are diagnosed with a chronic health condition such as diabetes, it is a life-changing event.
Daily life and future plans suddenly have to include diabetes, as unwelcome as it is unpredictable. As difficult as it is to accept, it is likely your diabetes will never go away. 
Although you may feel there is nothing you can do once you are diagnosed with diabetes, experts agree that learning to be an active participant in managing your disease is essential.
In fact, the choices you make each day (eating better, becoming more active, quitting smoking, and checking your blood sugar levels regularly) can have a profound impact on your diabetes, your quality of life and well-being.
You have a choice to make.  You can become an active participant in managing your diabetes or you can let your diabetes manage you. By making the choice to take an active role in your disease, you can feel better, be more in control, and do the things you want to do.
Living with the day to day challenges of diabetes can be very overwhelming and stressful for you and your family.  Stress can have a major impact on your health and makes it more difficult to handle everyday issues, much less crisis situations that may arise.
Stress can even affect your blood sugar levels. Prolonged stress can lead to frustration, anger, hopelessness and at times, depression.  
Some simple ways to deal with stress include: deep breathing, physical activity, confiding in a friend, knowing your limits, asking for help and setting realistic goals can also help.
There are times when these techniques are just not enough to handle the stress you are having.  You may need to talk with your health provider about seeking professional help to deal with your stress, anxiety or severe depression.
When you have a long term health condition, good communication becomes a necessity.  Having a chronic illness like diabetes can take a toll on even the closest relationships.
The ill partner may not feel like he or she used to, the loved one may not know how to handle the changes and the strain may push “in sickness and in health” to its breaking point.   
Feeling that you are not being understood leads to frustration, and a prolonged feeling of frustration can lead to depression, anger and helplessness.  
Your health care providers, in particular, must understand you. Talking and listening to a partner express needs and concerns can be scary, but it’s necessary to help ease the burden of diabetes on the relationship. 
As your life changes, you and your family may feel a loss of control and become anxious about the uncertainty of what lies ahead.
Many of us are embarrassed by the fact we can’t do everything we used to do.  Asking for help with simple, everyday things can be difficult.
Just remember that often unless we communicate our needs to our loved ones, how will they know? They cannot read our minds. Clear and direct communication with our family, friends, co-workers and especially our health care providers, is key to being an active manager of your diabetes. 
To find out more about how to become a better self manager of our diabetes, you may be interested in the local workshops, “Living Well with Chronic Conditions.”
The 6-week workshops are offered in the tri-county area and you can contact 541-322-7430 for more information or visit our website:

Oct. 20, 2010

Medication as prescribed is key to blood sugar control

By Ronald A Berry
W.S. Health and Wellness Center

The medical problem called diabetes can make it hard for your body to control how much sugar, or glucose, is in your blood.
Some people can keep their blood sugar at healthy levels with a careful diet and a moderate daily exercise plan.
In addition to a careful diet and moderate daily exercise some people will need daily medications to help their body keep their blood sugar at a healthy level.
What a person needs to do for their diabetes depends on a person’s overall health and the type of diabetes they have.
A health care provider will help you make a plan for diet, exercise, and if needed, the medications that will work best for you.
Diabetes Medications Tips
· Talk to your health care provider before you change or stop taking your medications.
· Do not share your medications or take another person’s medications.
· Ask your health care provider about your target blood sugar level.
· Ask your health care provider about what to do when your blood sugar gets too low or too high.
Know all about your diabetes medications: Ask your health care provider these questions:
How often do I take my diabetes medications?  How much should I take?
Do my diabetes medications mix well with my other medications? What about my birth control pills?
What should I do if I become pregnant, am trying to become pregnant, or if breastfeeding?
Do the diabetes medications have side effects?  What do I do about the side effects?
Can you show me how to check my blood sugar at home?  How often should I check my blood sugar?
What is my target blood sugar number?
If you are following a health diet and are physically active most days of the week, and your blood sugar is running high this may call for an adjustment in your medication.
 Also, certain medications can cause your blood sugar to go low at times.  Know the important warning signs for blood sugar problems:

Low Blood Sugar
Headache, fast heart beat, feel irritable, feel dizzy, feel drowsy, sweating but do not feel hot, feel hungry, feel confused, feel weak, feel jittery.

High Blood Sugar
Feel tired all the time, feel thirsty, go to the toilet to pee a lot, vision is blurry, loss of weight without trying.

Activity key to blood sugar control

By Carolyn Harvey
Healthy Communities Coordinator

Physical exercise is moving your body at an intensity level that helps your muscles burn blood sugars.
Some examples would be brisk walking, hiking, biking, mowing your lawn plus many more.
One of the most important aspects of exercise is finding something you will do.
Physical activity helps to control your body sugars in three different ways.
Since exercise burns blood sugars, it will help to lower you blood sugar levels.
Exercise makes your cells more sensitive to insulin. The body uses insulin to move sugar (glucose) into your cells for energy.
The more fit you become the more receptive to insulin your cells will become, which means you will require less insulin to move the blood sugars into your cells.
Regular exercise can also help you lose weight. When an overweight person with diabetes loses as little as 7 percent of his or her body weight, blood sugar levels will often improve.
--FITT Rule of Exercise--
Using the “F.I.T.T. Rule of Exercise” is a good way to improve your blood sugar control.
Try to be physically active at least five days a week to improve your blood sugar control.
A study with a large group of people who were at risk for getting diabetes showed that exercising 30 minutes a day on 5 days of the week along with healthy eating lowered their risk of getting diabetes by 58 percent.
You need to work at an intensity level that raises your heart rate and an easy way to monitor that is by doing what is called the talk test.
When exercising you should not be working so hard that you cannot talk but if you can sing or yodel, the intensity level needs to be picked up.
It is important to find some form of aerobic exercise you would like to do.
Aerobic exercises like walking, dancing and biking not only help with blood sugar control but are great for the heart.
Don’t be afraid to try different types of aerobic exercise until you find the one that works for you. Strength training activities are also beneficial.
You will want to do aerobic exercise for at least 10 minutes without stopping at an intensity that makes you breathe harder than at rest.
Try to get 30 minutes of physical activity five days a week.
The good news is that the activity does not have to done all at once. Three separate walks at 10 minutes each give you the same benefit as one 30 minute walk. If you want to lose weight build up to 45-60 minutes each day.
Talk to your doctor before starting or changing your exercise program. If you take insulin injections or are on an insulin pump, you may need to make adjustments to your insulin doses at certain times of the day.

VOCS promoting abuse awareness month

By Dave McMechan
Spilyay Tymoo

October is Domestic Violence Awareness Month, and Warm Springs Victims of Crime Services is sponsoring events locally to raise awareness of the domestic violence problem.
On Fridays the VOCS staff are wearing purple as part of the awareness campaign. Others in the community are encouraged to wear the color as well to show support, said Dorothy Kalama, VOCS advocate supervisor.
The VOCS office also has purple ribbons at the their office that people can wear as part of the awareness campaign.
The VOCS staff has also set up the red “silent witness” silhouettes in the community. Each silhouette has a message of domestic violence prevention and awareness. An example of the information:
The U.S. Department of Justice determined that Native American women are about two-and-a-half times more likely to be victims of domestic violence than other ethnic groups.
This month there is also an added emphasis on teen domestic and dating violence awareness. For this aspect of the campaign, a teen will be wearing a purple wing dress and a ribbon. People are encouraged to ask the teen about teen dating and domestic violence.
VOCS is also sponsoring purple lights that can be seen during the night, and awareness banners and posters around the community.
And remember that VOCS hosts a Womens Support Group every Monday night at the VOCS office from 6-8 p.m. The office is located on the campus at 1132 Paiute Ave.
For more information on any of these projects, please contact the VOCS office at 541-553-2293. Their mailing address is PO Box C, Warm Springs.
You can also send an email to Dorothy at:

Halliday liaison for interior

John Halliday has been named the new Native American Tribal Liaison for the Department of the Interior.
On the Interior staff, Halliday is joining Anne Castle, Assistant Secretary for Water and Science.
Halliday will have his duty station in Flagstaff, Ariz. He will serve as the primary contact between Castle and Native American tribes in the South West.
Halliday is a tribal member who used to work for the Warm Springs Police Department.
He also worked for the Muckleshoot tribe in the past.

Oct. 6, 2010

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Courtesy photo Tribal Natural Resources Branch

18 graduate from first-ever Salmon Camp

The Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission saw 18 students graduate recently from CRITFC’s first-ever Salmon Camp. The Salmon Camp experience is a key component of CRITFC’s overall workforce development goal.
CRITFC explained the need for the Salmon Camp with the following information:
Native American youth are greatly underrepresented among students of post-secondary education, especially in science, technology, engineering, and math subjects.
Fewer than half of Native American youth in the Pacific and Northwestern regions of the U.S. graduate from high school. Although Native Americans make up 1.5 percent of the U.S. population, they account for only 0.7 percent of students graduating with bachelor’s degrees in science.
CRITFC, in collaboration with the Oregon Museum of Science & Industry (OMSI), the Coastal Margin Observation and Prediction (CMOP), and other partners, hopes to continue to have Salmon Camps in the future.
The goal is to engage tribal youth in science, technology, engineering and math study by combining hands-on scientific field research with tribal traditions and knowledge.
Eighteen young people from the Columbia River treaty tribes—the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs, Yakama Nationa, Nez Perce and Umatilla—took part in the six-day camp. Eight of the youth are from Warm Springs. Here is a summary provided by CRITFC describing the experience at the camp:
Day one: Arrival and orientation
The eighteen students from arrived at OMSI’s Hancock Field Station in Fossil for the first day of CRITFC Tribal Salmon Camp.
After lunch the students then participated in team challenge activities that instilled respect and cooperation for each other. After the community style dinner, the evening program focused on First Foods, salmon and sovereignty, presented by CRITFC staff. OMSI staff then organized games and songs around the campfire.

Day two: Arid lands ecology hike and birds of prey study
A few students participated in an early morning walk and saw two cougars. After breakfast the students separated into two groups for the arid lands ecology hikes. Both groups hiked around two miles, one group to the top of “The Pillars,” a nearby geologic formation, and the other group through the Hancock Canyon.
The students saw a fossilized tree and plants. During the afternoon session the students and a few staff participated in the climbing wall. Not all students chose to climb; the ones that did learned to use appropriate harness and safety equipment, as well as climbing protocol.
The climbing difficulty was increased by the use of blindfolds, providing great entertainment for the entire group. Recreation time and dinner followed.
The evening program, entitled “Birds of Prey” was really about Great Horned Owls, which provided a fantastic teaching opportunity concerning Native cultural perspectives on owls.
Evening campfires were a regular component of the camp experience and often went on later into the evening than was scheduled. These students liked to stay up very late and often went to sleep just before midnight.

Day three: Stream ecology and environmental forum
By now the students and staff were becoming accustomed to the scheduling, the heat and the regulated routine of camp. After breakfast, field gear prep and lunch making, the students headed out for the day’s session on stream ecology.
The students were split into two groups again which allowed for two OMSI staff to be utilized for an excellent student/teacher ratio.
The students walked to the nearby Pine Creek conservation area, which is owned and managed by the Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs.
Here the students learned about the ecology of streams, how to test for basic water quality measurements such as temperature, dissolved oxygen, PH levels, and searched for macro-invertebrates. In the afternoon, the students and staff went swimming in the John Day River.
After dinner the students participated in an environmental forum session where students were divided into five groups (such as dam operators, fishers and wildlife biologists) and each group represented a different perspective on salmon management. Each group had to present a convincing argument to the rest of the group to support their point of view.

Day four: John Day River float and win turbine model building
Students and staff did not have to put on the field gear,  this was the day to float the John Day River Float.
Everyone was outfitted with personal floatation devices and then floated for 3 and a half   river miles on the John Day.
This was a considerable distance with a mix of swimming, wading over slippery rocks and floating. Students observed fishers, small fish, some wildlife, nearby cattle operations and farm withdrawals of river water for irrigation. The positive results of restoration work were evident through the temperature measurements taken at Pine Creek before it drained into the John Day River.
After everyone returned to camp and ate dinner, the evening program focused on climate change and wind turbine model building.
During the campfire session that followed, the students discussed what they liked and disliked about Salmon Camp. They had innovative input and the river float was one of their favorite activities.

Day five: Thomas Condon Paleontology Center
Today the group set out on the OMSI school bus to visit the Thomas Condon Paleontology Center, about an hour bus ride from the Hancock Field Station.
At the Paleontology Center the students toured the exhibits and watched the museum’s film about the John Day fossil beds. After that everyone drove to a nearby Picture Gorge and the students looked at pictographs.
This area is rich with Native history in the form of pictographs and petroglyphs. Then it was the last dinner of the week and the last campfire. Davis Washines returned to the camp to stay overnight with the boys and provided cultural context during the evening campfire.
Everyone participated in a talking circle where each student stated what they liked and disliked about the camp experience and suggested improvements for future camps.

Day six: Good-bye
After the cabins were appropriately cleaned, all items packed up and photographs taken, the group closed with a final culturally appropriate closing circle with Davis Washines as the bell ringer. Salmon Camp wishes to  give special thank to the Salmon Camp chaperones:
David Costas, Laura Gephart, Keith Hatch, Charles Hudson, Mike Matylewich, Gabe Sheoships, Jo Marie Tessman, Sara Thompson, Nicole Tursich and Davis Washines.

Crossing adds family activities

By Terri Harber
Spilyay Tymoo

People who like movies or karaoke can get their entertainment fix at Eagle Crossing Restaurant, where they now offer "Movie Mondays" and karaoke on Tuesdays.
Both weekly offerings begin at 6:30 p.m. in the restaurant on the days noted.
Popular “Taco Tuesdays” continue along with the karaoke.
Owners Randy and Brenda Nathan say the idea is to provide fun things for families to do during the week as well as to attract potential new customers.
People could simply sit down and sip a soda or “bring their family for a nice meal,” she said.
Both nightly events are “open to everybody,” Brenda said. “We want to make people feel welcome.”
Movie selections are suitable for those young or old. For example, last week’s movie selection was “Marmaduke.” And “Iron Man II” was the feature planned for this past Monday.
“We’re trying to pick the latest ones,” Brenda said of the movies.
The biggest movie night draw for young people was a “Twilight” double feature. And “Avatar” also attracted a good number of movie lovers.
Music selections for karaoke are family-friendly too.
“I used to work at a bar-restaurant. I thought it would be nice to have it in a family place,” Randy said of his past karaoke DJ days.
Young people enjoy the chance to ham it up in front of others as much as older people in bars do, both say.
“You don’t have to be drunk to sing,” Brenda said.
And “it’s not too loud so people can still hear each other and enjoy their meal,” Randy said.
Used for both activities is a 52-inch screen TV in the restaurant so people can see what’s being shown from virtually all angles.
The family diner-style restaurant on Highway 26 serves classic roadside fare but also offers local Native American favorites, such as fry bread and Indian tacos, and elk and buffalo.
The restaurant is also owned by Charles Nathan. This former site of Deschutes Crossing reopened as Eagle Crossing in December.
Telephone the restaurant at 541-553-3123 for operating hours and details. The Monday and Tuesday night events usually wind down by 9 p.m.


spilyay nicolodeon.jpg
Ready for his close up

Photo by Yvonne Iverson
A Nickelodeon television crew was in Warm Springs the week of Sept. 30, filming local youth who are finalists for a 90-second spot that will air on the channel. The spot will be about living in Warm Springs from the child's point of view. Thirteen children from the tribes recorded auditions. Caleb Caldera (pictured with the film crew) was one of the three children chosen as finalists. The other two were Keira and Aiden Tortalita.


Monitoring key to controlling blood sugar

By Jeri Kollen
Warm Springs Model Diabetes Program Nurse Educator

Diabetes is having too much sugar in the blood stream. With type 1 and type 2 diabetes sugar gets stuck in the blood stream.
Taking care of diabetes moves the blood sugar out of the blood stream and into the muscles and cells that need the sugar for fuel.
If you have diabetes, checking blood sugar will help keep it in control and will reduce your risk of having diabetes problems. 
You can learn to use your blood sugar numbers to make changes in your diabetes plan. 
The results of your blood sugar check are just numbers. But these numbers tell you if your diabetes plan is working.  Food you eat, exercise, stress and medicine make your blood sugars levels go up and down all day long.
Blood sugar can be tested by doing finger stick tests at home or by having an A1C lab blood test done when you see a provider.  An A1C tells the average blood sugar for the past two to three months.
If testing blood sugars at home look at your record book and ask these questions.
Has my blood sugar been too low several times this week?
Has my blood sugar been too high several times this week?
Has my blood sugar been out of my target range at the same time of day for several days in a row 
If you answered yes to any of these questions, talk with your health care team. You might need a change in your meal plan, medicine, or activity to get your blood sugar back on track.
Talk to your health care team about your target blood sugar ranges. 
Before meals the target ranges for blood sugar are usually 90-130.  Blood sugar target range one hour after a meal is usually below 180, and two hours after a meal it is usually below 140.  If you have diabetes the A1C target is between 6-7 percent.  A1C of 6.5 percent means your daily average blood sugar for the past two to three months has been 140.
Two sets of problems can happen when blood sugars are not in the target ranges.
1) Immediate problems happen when blood sugars are too low (usually less than 70) or when too high (usually greater than 250)
2) Long-term problems happen when blood sugars remain higher than 140 over years.
Both these kinds of problems can be prevented by checking your blood sugar at home and keeping an eye on what is raising or lowering the number. Keeping blood sugars in control reduces the risk of developing problems in the future such as eye and kidney problems and problems with your feet.

Healthy eating and basic diabetes care

By Tina Gruner
Dietician, diabetes educator

Good nutrition is one of the most basic and important diabetes care tools.
When we eat healthy meals, we can help control our blood sugar, and good control helps protect our long term health.
People with diabetes do not have to eat special foods. To keep your blood glucose within the target range, you need to balance the food you eat (especially foods containing carbohydrates), your physical activity, and your diabetes medication (if you take medication for diabetes).

3 food groups
There are three different food groups to learn about when planning healthy meals.
Carbohydrate, protein, and fat are all found in the foods that we eat every day.
The foods containing carbohydrate turn to sugar in our bodies and we use the sugar for fuel.
Glucose or sugar is a human’s energy source.  We cannot live without it. However, we need a hormone called insulin to help the glucose get from our blood stream into our cells in order to burn it for energy. 
Diabetes is a disease where the pancreas is no longer making insulin, is not making enough insulin or the cells are resistant to insulin. 
Put another way, the insulin is not working properly and the glucose cannot get into the cells and the blood glucose levels can get too high if diet, medication, exercise are not controlled.

The easiest way to control the blood glucose or sugar level is to control the amount of carbohydrate we eat.
Carbohydrates are found in fruits, juice, grains, potatoes, bread, cereals, pasta, rice, lentils, milk, yogurt, and sweets, such as cakes, cookies, ice cream, jam and jelly.
Most women need two to four servings per meal of carbohydrate containing foods, and most men need three to five servings per meal of carbohydrate containing foods.
We aim for a meal plan that is consistent in carbohydrates; meaning the total amount of carbohydrate is similar each day and split up equally throughout the day in three meals with snacks, if desired, so our bodies will get sugar as fuel every 4-5 hours as needed.
Skipping meals is not recommended as it can lead to a larger meal than our bodies can handle later in the day.
Protein containing foods are meat, fish, poultry, cheese, cottage cheese and eggs. These foods do not raise blood glucose levels like carbohydrate containing foods do.
These foods contain saturated animal fat that can cause high cholesterol which may lead to heart disease.
 A healthy meal plan includes 6-8 ounces of lean protein foods per day.  Lean protein foods are fish, skinless poultry, low fat cheese/cottage cheese, egg whites, and lean cuts of beef and pork.
Healthy choices of fat in our meal plans are most vegetable oils (olive, canola), liquid and soft margarine, nuts, avocados and light salad dressings.
Fats do not raise blood sugar levels immediately, but a high fat diet can lead to obesity, which does raise blood sugar levels in people with diabetes.
Even healthy fats can make us over weight so keeping the servings of fat to 1 -2 servings per meal is the ideal.
Most vegetables do not raise blood glucose levels, so these foods can be eaten as desired.  Broccoli, spinach, cauliflower, carrots are great sources of fiber and will not cause weight gain or high blood sugar levels.
A healthy meal plan for folks with diabetes includes a mix of carbohydrate foods (grains, fruit low-fat milk), lean protein containing foods (fish, poultry and lean meat) a small amount of healthy fats (soft or liquid margarine, light salad dressings, and vegetable oils) and plenty of non-starchy vegetables.
Breads and cereals that say whole wheat or whole grain will provide the fiber that may help control your appetite and cholesterol.
Fresh fruit is a more satisfying snack than fruit juice. Diet soda is a better choice than regular soda for controlling blood sugar levels and weight. Non-fat or 1 percent dairy products are healthier choices for your heart, than full fat dairy products.
A great way to visualize what a healthy meal looks like is to fill half of your plate with non-starchy veggies, one-quarter of your plate with potatoes/noodles or rice, and one-quarter of your plate with lean meat, fish or skinless poultry.
These basic guidelines apply to most people with diabetes.  A registered dietitian or certified diabetes educator can help you develop an individual meal plan.
(Tina Gruner is a dietitian and certified diabetes educator at Mountain View Hospital in Madras.)

Sept. 22, 2010

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Susan Brunoe

Case manager honored

Susan Brunoe was honored with the Case Manager Outstanding Achievement Award at the Seventh Annual District Service Tribes National Meeting.

She was nominated for the award by the Warm Springs Health and Welfare Committee, and received the honor at the national meeting in Billings, Mont.

Brunoe has worked for the tribes for almost 16 years, 16 of those years have been in the Managed Care Program. "She has advanced in her career by working as a customer representative, and now as a health system specialist," according to the nominating document, which continues:

"She worked diligently to become supervisor of the Managed Care Program, where she supervises three personnel. She continues to develop her knowledge regularly, as she networks with outside vendors and other departments within the Warm Springs Health and Wellness Center and other tribal programs with confidence and professionalism."

Brunoe works as a team player with co-workers, and is dedicated to achieving the best medical care to the Warm Springs community.

As case manager, she is in charge of verifying priorities from IHS doctor referrals to determining eligible Managed Care cases based on budgetary decisions by the Managed Care director.

She coordinates and participates in the weekly Managed Care meetings conferring with and advising the Human Resources general manager, Managed Care director, and two IHS clinicians on the priority status of patient referrals.

Mrs. Brunoe, wife of tribal member Garland Brunoe, "is viewed as the go-to person for any questions, and patients ask for her regularly," the nominating document says. "She is a tremendous asset to the Managed Care program and the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs. The medical staff looks to her for clarification and assistance in matters that cross over from medical to Managed Care."

Jeanine Kalama

Campaign to help prevent hearing loss

Our hearing is worth saving. Just ask someone who has noise-induced hearing loss.

They will tell you of the frustration they have when they can’t hear normal conversations, or when they can’t hear the caller on the telephone, or when they must listen to the TV at full volume to understand what is being broadcast, while others complain that it is "too loud."

Gene Harvey Sr. is a tribal member who has hearing loss. He is 59 years old and served in the Infantry on the front lines.

Harvey says he gets earaches and ringing in his ears. "I often ask people to repeat themselves," he told the Listen for Life team, "although I don’t want to be rude."

His hearing has been very poor for about two years and he says, "it’s getting worse."

He commented that he even has to read lips when he is at a gathering because he can’t usually hear the speaker.

Harvey is not as involved with the community as he would like to be because of his hearing and other health issues.

He reported that he knows other people who are embarrassed by their hearing loss.

As far as kids are concerned, Harvey says that the young people he sees "are not worried, but they should be." They need to take care of themselves, so that they keep their hearing. The elders have important things to say, and "the young ones should be listening to the elders not to their ipods."

He is very happy to see the Listen for Life program in the community.

Teaching our teach

Jeanine Kalama is a cook at the Senior Center. She has lived in Warm Springs for more than 30 years, and she has family in Yakama.

Kalama has had ear problems, including ear infections that were so bad "they had to patch my eardrum."

She thinks her husband has hearing loss. She says she has to continually repeat herself at home.

"He has the radio up so loud in the car that we can’t talk without turning it off," she told the team.

Kalama says, "Kids don’t know what it would be like to lose their hearing."

She has four boys and they listen to their music loud. "Turn it down," she often complains. "Why do you play it so loud?"

Kalama has a grandson in Yakama in fourth grade. She thinks fourth grade is a good age to teach kids about noise-induced hearing loss.

Campaign in October

Albert Adams is 20 years old. He attended Warm Springs Elementary and Madras Junior High and High School.

He and his friends wear earplugs when they fire rifles, but he commented, they "listen to music a lot", and they "listen loudly."

While none of his friends seems to have damaged their hearing yet, he says he knows that "loud music will damage his ears, eventually." Still he says he listens to loud music to "screen out things" and "focus for a game."

Adams says that if he learned about the damage loud music could do when he was young, he might have paid attention. Adams plays baseball and basketball, and attends Columbia Basin Community College.

Noise-induced hearing loss and tinnitus protection is the focus of the Listen for Life campaign that will be in the Warm Springs community in October.

Members of the Listen for Life team will be teaching "Dangerous Decibels" to the fourth-and fifth-graders at the Warm Springs Elementary School during the week of Oct 11.

On the evening of October 14 a community gathering will be held at the Community Wellness Center to promote hearing protection.

It should be a fun evening, team members say.

There will be a video starring members of the community, dinner, and prizes.

Everyone is invited. Listen for Life is sponsored by the CDC-funded Center for Healthy Communities at Oregon Health and Science University.

Sept. 8, 2010

Radio station hosts appreciation event

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Dave McMechan/Spilyay
KWSO hosted a membership appreciation picnic in August at the media center.


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Recognizing National Recovery Month

By Duran Bobb
Spilyay Tymoo

September is National Recovery Month, highlighting the benefits of substance abuse treatment not only for the addicted, but for their families as well.
In 2008 the Centers for Disease Control analyzed the death certificates of Native Americans over a four-year period.  They found that almost 12 percent of the deaths were alcohol-related—more than three times the percentage of the general population.
The two leading causes were traffic accidents and alcoholic liver disease.
For Natives suffering from alcoholism, there is a way out.
“Jeff” is a tribal member who wishes to remain anonymous.
“I was sitting in the justice center in Portland and I was on my way to prison for a long time,” he said. “I thought that my actions would never catch up to me, but I was wrong.”
The judge in Jeff’s case reviewed his court records and saw that most of the violations happened while Jeff was under the influence of alcohol.
“He offered me a chance to go to treatment, to get my act together. So I did that, and my life has done a total 180. I’m moving in the right direction.  Today, I’m in college majoring in political science. I’m presently working as the vice president of the associated students.”
He has been in recovery for two years.
“Barry” is another tribal member who is in recovery.
“I was pretty bad,” Barry said.  “I was homeless and eating food out of the dumpsters behind the stores.  One day I found myself standing on the trestle in Madras, ready to end it all.  It hit me then, this was the end one way or another.”
Instead of ending his life, Barry turned and walked away.  “I fought good and hard. It wasn’t easy, because most of the work had to be inside of me.  People and things seemed to get me down, but I realized that this was part of the addiction trying to get back into my life.”
Today, Barry owns a house and has a good job.
“I have had a relapse,” Jeff said, “but that didn’t stop me from getting back on board, brushing myself off, and doing what I needed to.  I have no resentments, because nobody is perfect. We all make mistakes or we wouldn’t be working the program.  I decided to change my life… if I can do it, so can anybody.”
“Today, I go to meetings and I understand that this is who I am,” Barry said. “I can never let my guard down again, because there’s a lot that I have to fight for today.  I have money, my house, my job.  That’s more than I had while I was out in the world.  As bad as I was, that person is still inside of me waiting for his chance to get out.  But that’s the thing here, there is a way out.”
For more information on national recovery month, go to recoverymonth.gov.

Wireless Internet service available locally

By Duran Bobb
Spilyay Tymoo

As the reservation waits for fiber optics to arrive, there is a service available now that provides wireless high speed internet to certain areas.
Eagle Tech, which operates out of the tribal administration building, has provided this service since 2005 and serves about 60 families so far. 
In order to receive wireless Internet through Eagle Tech, homes need to have a line of sight to either the Eagle Butte or Miller Heights radio towers.
“We have antenna coming out of these towers that cover Sunnyside, Greeley Heights, West Hills, Tenino Apartments and some parts of Sidwalter,” Todd Stum, IT Manager for Eagle Tech, said.  “If people live in other areas we cannot guarantee service, but we are more than willing to test our equipment there before they sign up.”
The service fee including equipment rental is $60 per month. If a customer wants Eagle Tech to install the equipment, there is a $199 charge.
The equipment consists of a Canopy receiver, network cable, antenna mounting equipment, and a Linksys wireless router box.
For the time, Stum says, there were some issues in the telecommunication grant with pole attachment agreements that have required additional attention.  Those issues are being worked out with the help of the tribal attorneys and the agreements are moving forward.
Wireless Internet will be available through Eagle Tech until the Warm Springs Telco is up and running. 
“At that time,” Stum said, “customers will be transitioned to the WS Telco service, which will include voice as well as Internet, possibly at a reduced rate.”
This week, Eagle Tech plans on revealing another ambitious project.
“We’ve just acquired alltribal.me,” Stum said.  “This is for personal email addresses for tribal members. For now, the plan is to allow webmail with a 5 megabyte cap on the mailbox size.  We can only offer very limited support for now.”
Eagle Tech is also researching other media outlets for tribal members, such as podcasting and specialized fonts that would allow the tribal languages to be published in various media.  There are also plans to create a Facebook site for the three tribal languages.
For additional details, visit


Invitation to Washat Sunday school

By Jefferson Greene

Ladies, gentleman and community of Warm Springs,
It is with great honor that we introduce to you an important grass roots initiative deeply connected to you and your family, the heritage of our people, and the survival of our ways.
The way of the Washut 7 Drums is one of several ancient ways of worship we have all participated in at some point in our lineage or family history. Our ancestral ways are deeply rooted into the pride we consistently pronounce as “Natives.”  And now, a community group; representativesfrom programs, departments, cultural groups, and societies, have begun to sit at a table in harmony to discuss this important initiative in concern for our community and in concern for our future generations.
After 150-plus years since our relocation from our original territories, a group has come to believe, that this is the time we begin to renew our ways that still live on today, yet are slowly dissolving in our constant assimilation into modern ways and fast pace livelihoods. Our language, our ceremonies, our teachings, our legends, our significations, our songs, and our culture rests in the hearts and souls of elders and young elders amongst us today. The ability of these ways and teachings to come out in an effort to strengthen our nation lies within our personal efforts to believe, share with, and respect one another spiritually. To seek humbly, the knowledge, the culture, and the wisdom that survives within us as a community, as a nation, and with our creator.
Sunday Services will begin at the Agency Longhouse September 12, 2010 at 9 a.m. As a community, we invite you to come with an open mind and an open heart to the unity that we are trying to build through the traditional ways and teachings. This is truly a humble effort to renew the goodness we can share with one another through a sincere offering of kinship amongst another.
Please join us in an effort to rejuvenate, rejoice, and return to our ways of strength. Thank you.


Festival of Nations at Gorge later this month

Spilyay Tymoo

The Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs and the community of Cascade Locks will host the Festival of Nations on Saturday and Sunday, Sept. 25-26 at the Cascade Locks Marine Park.
The festival is a cultural celebration, centered on Native American traditions, welcoming to all.
The event offers a 10k Salmon Run, free entertainment, exhibits, crafts and more to honor the communities of the Columbia River Gorge. Vendors and performers are sought for the event.
While centered on Native-American culture, any Gorge-inspired works and natural crafting are welcome.
The focus is on entertainment that is culturally traditional, especially dancers, musicians and storytellers. 
Contact Rebecca Gandy at 503-753-4267 for information. Or email:

Program prevents hearing loss

Spilyay Tymoo

The Dangerous Decibels program is coming to Warm Springs this fall to work with the tribal community on solving problems of hearing loss associated with exposure to loud sounds.
Program leaders will present a hands-on program to the young people at the Warm Springs Elementary School in mid-October. The program is called “Listen for Life.”
Following that, they will offer a dinner presentation to the entire community.
The Dangerous Decibels team has visited the Warm Springs community several times in the last few months to present the program to Tribal Council, health and wellness providers, and the elders through the elder lunch program.

2 local examples
Walter Quinn, retired mill worker, is 60 years old and has lived on the reservation his entire life. When he reflects on his working days in the mill, he reports that it was very loud and that workers didn’t use ear plugs because they weren’t around then, which resulted in his hearing loss and tinnitus, a chronic ringing in his ears.
Quinn says, “People have to repeat everything, and I have to turn the TV up to hear it.”
He thinks hearing loss is a big problem, but no one talks about it on the reservation. “The community needs more awareness about this problem,” he says.
Floyd Gibson worked at all kinds of jobs before he retired. He did farm work, logging, alcohol counseling, and he worked as a shuttle bus driver.
According to Gibson, when he was young no one used ear protection, and the chain saws used in logging were very loud.
As a result of his exposure to loud sounds, he reports that he “can’t hear conversations.”
He is currently in the process of getting fitted for hearing aids to deal with both his hearing loss and the echo he often hears.  
Gibson thinks that we need to teach kids about preventing hearing loss and “start when they are really young.”
The staff from the Dangerous Decibels program agrees and is planning to start young just as Mr. Gibson suggests.

Natives at higher risk
According to the Centers for Disease Control, Native Americans have twice the hearing loss as compared to white people.
This may be partly due to higher rates of ear infections, and partly related to exposures to loud sounds from sources such as power tools, amplified music, and firearms. 
Prevention of noise-induced hearing loss and tinnitus begins with the very young.
Learning about how to avoid exposure to loud sounds as a child can go a long way toward preventing hearing loss later in life. That is why the Dangerous Decibels program begins by working with fourth-graders,  teaching ways to hear well for life.
Because people of all ages can benefit from this knowledge, everyone will be invited to attend a community-wide presentation of the “Listen for Life” program on the evening of October 14. The location will be announced.


August 25, 2010

Photo by Duran Bobb

Teaching traditions at Culture Camp

Photos by Duran Bobb/Spilyay Tymoo

Suzie Slockish taught the children how to cut and prepare the salmon before Washat services on Sunday, Aug. 15, at the 4H Culture Camp at Peter’s Pasture.
"This year we had up to nine families here," Myra Orange-Johnson said. "That meant up to 55 children learning traditional values."
Later on, the children learned about eels from Lymon Jim.
Culture Camp is an annual event sponsored by 4H and the OSU Extension Service.
"Every year the camp seems to get bigger," Myra said. "And that’s good. It shows that our culture is being passed on."


Submitted photos
Creek cleanup project youth workers: Alan LeClaire, Cheyenne Wahnetah, Mallory Smith, Kecia Florends, TaSheena George with bags of debris. LeClaire, below, pulls a stroller out of the creek, among other items. 
Above: The group cleans up the creek.
Creek cleanup

Natural Resources summer youth workers spent a morning this month cleaning up garbage from Shitike Creek.
The youth, working with Lana Leonard, filled many bags with garbage from the area of McQuinn Park downstream past the ball fields.
Natural Resources staff has put much effort in recent years into restoring fish to the creek, including re-aligning stretch of Shitike and planting trees along the banks.
Removing garbage from the creek improves the habitat for fish and also for youth who cool off in the creek during the hot summer days, said Leonard.
The creek cleanup was one of many activities that the youth took part in during the summer. The workers are students at Madras High School.

Honoring veterans

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Dave McMechan/Spilyay
Local veterans and others in the community gathered at the grounds of the Museum at Warm Springs earlier this month to see the Traveling Veterans Memorial Wall. It was shown here briefly before reaching Redmond for a days-long display.

Kah-Nee-Ta awards six scholarships

By Duran Bobb
Spilyay Tymoo

Kah-Nee-Ta High Desert Resort and Casino awarded its 2010 Educational Scholarships to six tribal members last week.
"This year, we didn’t have any male applicants," Janell Smith, guest service director for the vacation resort, said. "But there were female applicants, and we were able to give those awards to them."
The scholarship opportunity is for Warm Springs tribal members choosing to further their education at an accredited four-year college as full-time or part-time students.
Maria Godines and Marissa Ahern were both awarded $1,000 and laptop computers. Stevie Hicks, Sheena Courtney, Susan Ahern and Leslie Davis-Cochran each received an award of $500.
Several months ago, Maria Godines spoke with Stevie Hicks about their career ideas and what they wanted to do.
"Stevie said she wanted to be a public administrator some day. I told her that she would not need to wait for me to retire. One of the steps she would need to do is go to college."
Both of them looked into college. Maria decided to return to school to earn her MBA in Business Administration, and Stevie plans to take courses in Bend to start her Business Administration studies.
"I’m thankful that me and Maria talked," Stevie said. "She’s one of my inspirations."
Leslie Davis-Cochran has just finished her studies in Bend. But she plans to move forward with her education at Linfield College, majoring in Accounting.
"I wish I could have been more serious about education right after high school, but I always thought there’d be time later on," Leslie said. "I went full-time in Bend while working at my job. This time, I’m going to do one or two classes per term. If I’m handling that okay, then I’ll pick up more classes later on."
Leslie said that having support while getting an education is important. She’s thankful for the encouragement. "Having my boss, Jeff, there to help me with my math really made a difference. That’s a hard subject, math."
Marissa Ahern plans on going to the University of Colorado, where she will major in Architectural Engineering.
"I’ve always wanted to design houses," she said. "My parents were my biggest inspiration, Dan and Frank Ahern. They always told me that I could do whatever I wanted to do if I put my mind to it. Ever since I was little, they said that if I wanted to design houses, I was going to."
Recipients of the scholarship awards were chosen based on transcripts, letters of recommendation, and a personal statement describing their activities and accomplishments as well as their reasons for seeking higher education.

Making pickles

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Terri Harber/Spilyay

The Oregon State University food experts hosted a class on pickle making earlier this month. These participants were guided through the process of creating sweet pickles that are lower in sodium than normal. Focus of these classes is teaching people on the reservation how to make foods that are healthy and inexpensive.

Tribes, Cascades Locks hosting festival in September

The Festival of Nations, a gathering at the Columbia River, is a cultural celebration, centered on Native American traditions, welcoming to all.
The festival is scheduled for Saturday and Sunday, Sept. 25-26 at the Cascade Locks Marine Park.
The event is hosted by the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs and the Cascade Locks community.
The festival offers a 10k Salmon Run, free entertainment, exhibits, crafts and more to honor the communities of the Columbia River Gorge.
Vendors and performers are sought for the event.
While centered on Native-American culture, any Gorge-inspired works and natural crafting are welcome. The focus is on entertainment that is culturally traditional, especially dancers, musicians and storytellers. Contact Rebecca Gandy at 503-753-4267 for information. Or email: rebgandy@comcast.net
Call or email to obtain an application and details. Deadline to apply and be included in the program guide is Aug. 31.

Podiatry services offered for diabetics

Do you have diabetes? Do you need a quick nail trim? Well, you are in luck.
The Diabetes Program holds a healthy breakfast presenting timely topics related to diabetes on the second and fourth Tuesday of every month.
Now there is an opportunity for you to have an appointment with the podiatry nurse following the breakfast.
The Special Diabetes Program for Indians (SDPI) Amputation Prevention Program is offering appointments with the Podiatry Nurse from 10 a.m. to 12 noon for those attending the healthy breakfast.
The Podiatry Nurse will "painlessly" trim those troublesome toenails and perform a quick check of your feet.
Diabetes Program staff members will also review your chart to see if we can help you complete some of your other Diabetes related checkups.
If you want to have some breakfast, learn a little about your diabetes and have your "nails done" come over to the community health end of the clinic at 9 a.m. on the second and fourth Tuesday of every month.
Remember, healthy feet will last a lifetime.Diabetes education lowers the risk for diabetes-related complications and improves quality of life by helping people with diabetes obtain skills in diet, exercise and self-care. This is why the Warm Springs Model Diabetes Program is offering these skills classes. The program is based at the Warm Springs Health and Wellness Center, 1270 Kot-Num Road. Call for class dates and times, 541-553-2478. Ask for Jeri Kollen, RN, CDE.  


August 11, 2010

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Terri Harber/Spilyay

Team works to improve Pacific Crest Trail 

By Terri Harber

Spilyay Tymoo

Ten young tribal members are spending a lot of time outdoors this summer. They haven’t been outside for recreation—not their own, anyway. They have been doing the hard physical work needed to keep area trails safe and usable.

The improvement project has required stays at the Clackamas Lake Campground in Mount Hood National Forest’s Zigzag District. It’s easier to camp for a couple of days, return home to the southern part of the reservation, then come back and repeat the process until the work is done.

"This is the first year Warm Springs is taking the lead in maintenance," said Isaac Daniel, associate regional representative, Columbia Cascades, Pacific Crest Trail Association. He is overseeing the work done by the crew from the reservation.

The U.S. Forest Service is covering the cost for camping during the three weeks.

Not available: Running water, television and most creature comforts of indoor life. Cell phones don’t work up there either.

The youthful workers like doing it, however, because it’s something different.

"I like the peacefulness of it," said David Sohappy. "The natural sounds, being surrounded by natural smells."

Three visits lasting about four days each is the estimated amount of time needed to widen and smooth out the trail as needed, and ensure that water flow through it is well controlled. Uncontrolled erosion can do a lot of harm.

They are working on the section of trail some riders use to reach the Joe Graham Horse Camp, not far from the Historic Clackamas Ranger Station. Miller Trail, no. 534, connects to the Pacific Crest Trail, no. 2000. It is for horse riders, mountain bikers and hikers. It is 2.2 miles long and the elevation changes substantially.

Shovels, hoes, picks and brute strength are necessary to do the work. Though many of the people in the group know the difference between a Pulaski (an axe and chiseling tool) and a McCloud (a combination rake and hoe), not all knew how to use them safely.

"It just takes one time hitting yourself in the shin to not do it again," Daniel warned the group while talking about one of the instruments.

This advice could apply to any of the tools needed for digging around in soil that is dusty, rocky and strewn with fallen logs. He also warned them to keep a fair distance from one another while using or simply handling the long, sharp tools. Potential is high for injury from one of these tools.

The Pacific Crest Trail is more than 2,600 miles long and runs from Mexico to Canada. There are 25 miles of the PCT within the Warm Springs Reservation, on its northwestern edge.

While spending the time working outdoors is a big plus, "I love seeing the aftermath of what we do," said John Markham. "When we’re out there, people stop to say ‘thanks.’"

And keeping up the trails doesn’t just benefit the people who use them. The work helps the entire region.

Even when travelers focus on Portland they often stop to enjoy various locations on the reservation as well as in Jefferson, Deschutes and Crook counties, said Ruth Lindley, marketing manager for the Bend-based Economic Development for Central Oregon.

"Amenities like a trail system are critical in attracting new business. And having those amenities is important in retaining those businesses in Central Oregon," she said.

It not only makes it a more livable area; it adds to the tax base and economic base, according to Lindley.

Money to pay the workers from the reservation comes from a federal grant, Daniel said.

He would like to see young people from the reservation be able to participate in this type of work again, he added.


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Terri Harber/Spilyay
Ray Martin, a former gang member with ties to the Nisqually tribe, spoke to Warm Springs tribal members. He now works in the music industry and consults with communities -- including tribal officials -- about gangs.

Meth, gang prevention summit brings inspiring message

By Terri Harber

Spilyay Tymoo

Warm Springs tribal officials are trying to ensure that youth growing up on the reservation don’t succumb to drugs and gangs—some of the most dangerous temptations they can face.

Tribal members attended a two-day summit held July 29-30 at Kah-Nee-Ta High Desert Resort and Casino that highlighted these problems.

The gang prevention day of the summit began with three speakers who used to be involved with gangs. One is Native American and two are African American. All have moved on to better things than being in gangs, and they spoke about how their lives are more fulfilling and lighter—even with added responsibilities that come with being a law-abiding citizen who looks out for family and friends.

"We’re not doing enough to show gangs they don’t have a grip on our people," said Ray Martin, a former gang member who also has ties to the Nisqually tribe. "If we stood up, you’d be surprised."

Martin now lives in New Mexico and works in the music business. He also serves as a gang prevention and intervention specialist. Gang problems of Native American tribes are one focus of his.

"At a lot of reservations you see a defeated people," he said, "but a warrior is not a gang member."


Martin got his first glimpse at the "hustling life" at age 11. The fast cars, fast money, and the abundance of drugs and women proved alluring and provided him with a rush of excitement. He was addicted to the adrenaline, but the lifestyle made him feel empty inside, he said.

"If you have nothing positive to reach out to, you’ll reach out to something negative," Martin told the group.

Gang life can be especially attractive to young Native Americans. Some young people living on reservations like to envision themselves as "Urban Natives." It’s a lifestyle that could turn out bad, however, if someone turns too far away from their cultural roots and embraces an existence outside the law, he said.

Martin left the gang life at age 25. It takes death, prison or some other trauma. For him, however, it was something good that made him reevaluate his life: The birth of his daughter.

"All I did was take from my people," he said. "It used to be like, ‘If you don’t give me respect I’ll take it from you.’"

The way women (and children) are devalued and not respected by gang members isn’t something he wanted his child to see. He didn’t want to set other bad examples either, he said.

Getting caught living lawlessly isn’t worth the price. Prison is its own world populated with people who mean little to one another. The people who mean the most to inmates– their friends and families–easily move on in the outside world.

"People won’t remember you," he said. "It doesn’t make you feel big."


Also speaking to the group were two African-American men who used to be in gangs.

One is from Portland and the other from Los Angeles, one was a Crip and the other a Blood. These two infamous gangs have members in communities across the country and gang affiliation is stronger than any other loyalty—or else.

They eventually became friends in spite of their pasts, however.

Arthur Jenkins went through a rough upbringing in Portland and began gang activities with Crips at age 8 and, as he described it, "became a fulltime gang member by age 14." When he was 15 he ended up in prison and was sentenced to stay there for almost nine years.

On learning his fate, "I cried like a baby," he said.

Once he got inside he started to read. He also found a woman who provided him with something he never had in his life: consistency.

Now he’s working toward an AA degree.

Antonio Daniels grew up in Los Angeles and was part of a multigenerational gang family. There are pictures of him as a baby "throwing gang signs."

Being a Blood was "part of my social makeup," he said.

The gang lifestyle took a predictable turn and Daniels ended up serving a five-year prison sentence. It gave him time to read and to think, however.

"I was looking for love in all the wrong places," he said.

Now, Daniels is working to earn a bachelor’s degree. He didn’t want to end up a 40-year-old standing on a street corner selling drugs to passersby.

While the gang life looks easy, it’s not, both men said.

"It’s the hard route, it’s so hard," Jenkins said. "You can’t trust anybody." And, after serving time in prison it’s hard to find a job, he said.

Gang activity, he said, affects not just the gang members but their families, friends and those living in the same community.

And here in Warm Springs it affects everyone on the reservation, said Wilson Wewa, one of many audience members who spoke during the seminar. The former Tribal Council member is a Longhouse leader and often is called on to officiate at funerals or to comfort family members who have a loved one near death in a hospital.

"I pray none of your children see what I’ve seen," he said.

One recent funeral especially disturbed him. People attending were given white T-shirts and red handkerchiefs and told to put them on so everyone would look alike.

"I didn’t know what to do," he said. "Our Longhouse is not for that… It’s supposed to be our safe place."

In another comment directed to the younger members of the audience: "Anger breeds anger. It’s your community. You’ll inherit these problems."

And if tradition is thrown aside at the current rate, they’ll be no around to ring a bell for these young people when they die because it’s also stealing the attention of youth away from their native traditions, Wewa added.

The meeting was hosted by Community Health Education Team. Roughly 230 attended the first day and 150 came the second day. Many people there––about 100 of them—are young. They are the target audience though gang activity affects everyone on the reservation.

A similar event last year drew only half as many people, said Wayne Miller of CHET.


Grants fund culture projects

By Duran Bobb

Spilyay Tymoo

The Washanaksha Cultural Trust Board, in cooperation with the Community Cultural Participation Grant of the Oregon Cultural Trust, recently announced the five grant recipients for 2010.

Wanda Van Pelt’s grant will help to conduct a series of craft classes in Simnasho.

Rosemary Scott will have beading demonstrations at sites in Warm Springs.

Jefferson Greene received a grant for a wall mural.

Saraphina Scott’s grant will help her work with the residents of High Lookee Lodge, making necklaces, earrings and bracelets.

And CarlaDean Winishut will make Paiute regalia.

"All of these recipients live on the reservation and they are Native American," said Rosalind Sampson, secretary for the board.

Sampson hopes that one of the projects, the wall mural at Warm Springs Market, will bring more awareness to the grants available to all tribal artists.

The 2010 granting process is in the work, Sampson said. The Washanaksha Cultural Trust Committee will set the timeline for the next round of grants available, including the date when applications are due.

Greene became aware of the grant’s availability when he attended a workshop sponsored by the Cultural Trust.

"I hadn’t known grants can be sought to do public murals," Greene said. "So I asked a few questions in class and then immediately called up Toma [Villa] to let him know I had found a way to get the mural put up."

The mural is the first of a few Green would like for the community.

The Washanaksha Committee was established in 2008 by Tribal Council Resolution 10950.

Washanaksha, as defined by the language program, is Ichishkiin, meaning "understand it better."

The 12 members on the committee are Arlene Boileau, Sandra Danzuka, Reina Estimo, Lonnie James, Myra Johnson, Foster Kalama, Sue Matters, Paul Patton, Rosalind Sampson, Aurolyn Stwyer-Pinkham, Brigette Whipple, and Dallas Winishut.

The committee members sign a conflict of interest agreement and may be replaced if they have more than two unexcused absences from committee meetings. The priorities of the Cultural Trust Committee are to promote tribal members’ understanding of, and involvement in, cultural activities; pass on tribal knowledge and practices to the youth to help them feel connected to their culture; preserve, practice and teach tribal languages; and support the work of artists and traditional teachers, including their ability to earn a living from their work.

Grant awards range from $50 to $2,000, and the Cultural Trust Committee aims at providing grants to as many applicants as possible. Two of this year’s grant recipients also participated in the 2009 Cultural Trust program. Tribal members, residents of Warm Springs, committees, programs, and community organizations are eligible to receive these grants.


Festival of nations celebrates return of salmon

Spilyay Tymoo

The Festival of Nations announced its new theme and intention to highlight salmon awareness through its free arts and culture event this September 25-26.

The Festival of Nations is held annually at the Port of Cascade Locks Marine Park.

This year the event is called Festival of Nations: A Gathering at the River, said Rebecca Gandy, event coordinator.

"This theme reflects our newly focused mission to honor the communities and bounty of the Columbia River," she said.

The Festival of Nations was created by the people of Cascade Locks and the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs to share culture and community.

The event has grown to emphasize the region’s tribal heritage and the importance of river stewardship.

With the new theme, new logo, and new mission, the Festival of Nations plans to incorporate many of the successful aspects of salmon festivals throughout the Northwest to draw in Portland Metro participants and regional visitors.

The Festival of Nations will be hosted by the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs, who invite other regional tribes to participate in traditional performance, demonstrations of craft and ancestral ceremonies, and welcome all who wish to gather and share appreciation for the river.

"Since time immemorial, tribal people have been in the Cascade Locks area and have lived, thrived, fished, hunted and died on the river," said Louie Pitt, director of Government Affairs and Planning for the tribes. "Over the years the river has always provided for us, and we strive to retain this relationship because it will continue to provide into the future."

For more information on the Festival of Nations, visit: www.oregoncrafted.org/festivalofnations

Or follow the Festival of Nations event page on Facebook.

Margie Tuckta, chair of the Festival of Nations Planning Committee, is the tribal contact for speakers, vendors and performers. She can be reached at 541-553-4883, or: mtuckta@kahneeta.com


American Indian camp returns to SOU

By John Darling

Ashland Daily Tidings

ASHLAND – A weeklong college prep camp for American Indian students returned to Southern Oregon University this summer.

The camp, Konaway Nika Tillicum, had been put on hold for a year because of the recession, but returned the week of July 19-23.

Konaway Nika Tillicum draws Indian middle- and high school students from throughout the Pacific Northwest and Northern California.

The camp includes an array of classes in drama, speech, art and other subjects. Members of the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs took part and helped in a variety of ways.

Jo Ann Smith, co-owner with her husband of TomCat Logging, was an Elder of the Week during the camp. Smith served in tribal Education in Warm Springs before becoming more involved with the logging company.

During Konaway Nika Tillicum, Smith served as an advisor and mentor to the youth. "This is such a worthwhile event for the young people, and the adults involved," she said.

Amanda Squiemphen-Yazzie of Warm Springs said, "I came with a friend, who had said it was a great experience. We learn the traditional ways and become used to being at a university."

Amanda has her sights on Western Oregon University or others in the Northwest.


Another mentor at the event was Lane Community College art teacher James Florendo, who is from Warm Springs. He stressed to the youth the message of dropping the "I can’t" habit.

Native students, he said, need to get out and learn about the world, and open their thinking to creativity that will bring success to them and enrichment to their people.

"I keep hearing ‘I can’t draw,’ but it’s not about skill," said Florendo. "It’s a way of life. It’s your own creativity, merged with your Native culture — and art is the one course in college where you’re allowed to do whatever you want, with an open mind, thinking new things."

After doing a vivid, colorful still life of plants, Tashina George, also of Warm Springs, said, "I’m a better artist than I thought — and his (Florendo’s) words are very strong; a big inspiration."

"It meant a lot to me, his talk. It’s true," said art student Vincent Lowell of Brooks, Calif.

Florendo also urged students to leave the "safe comfort zone" of home, know the whole world but remember to "come back, be creative and help your people."

Across campus, his brother, Brent Florendo, academic program coordinator of SOU Native American Studies and co-director of the academy, taught kids the art of acting by exploring the motivations and personalities of self and in the actors around them—skills that will help them express themselves in public, do teamwork and express inner creativity.

"Native American students are at the bottom of the statistics for success in all categories," said Brent Florendo, in an interview.

"Konaway is about working from the inside out, finding an identity that’s balanced and wholesome, not from the stereotype of what happened to us in history. It makes them feel good about themselves."

Konaway—the name means "all my relations" in Chinook trade jargon—started 15 years ago at SOU with the goal of getting teens comfortable and confident about operating in a university environment.

Its season was cut in 2009 because of the economic crash but found new life this year with grants of $10,000 from the Cow Creek Umpqua Foundation and $25,000 from SOU, plus other grants, said university spokesman Jim Beaver.

This is the first year SOU has funded the academy, said James Florendo, because "they’re finding it’s a market. Many of these kids end up here. When I taught at the University of Oregon, they figured every 100 new students meant $1 million for the school."

After 15 years, the academy now can count many college graduates and two law school grads, says Brent Florendo, adding that it has raised its grade-point average requirement from 1.75 in the beginning to 2.5 now—and that academy grads, upon leaving, average a half to one full grade point higher.

In addition, he notes, Konoway has gone from a local-regional event to a "prestige academy" that creates "family" among more motivated young Indians—who stay in touch and encourage each other on Facebook and e-mail.

Other teachers at the Academy are Alissa Arp in science, D.L. Richardson in public speaking and Alma Rose Alvares in writing. David West also is co-director of the Academy.

(Note: This article is reprinted with permission of the Ashland Daily Tidings.)


fire signs 003.jpg
Terri Harber/Spilyay
Victoria Spino and Rosie Suppah replace address signs on Bear Drive in Elliott Heights, August 2010.

Signs for safety

Fire and Safety Cadets on the reservation were replacing address signs on Bear Drive in Elliott Heights last week. The newer house number signs are reflective. This makes them visible from the street at night and will allow emergency responders to better see the signs so they reach residents faster, said Dan Martinez, the tribes’ fire and safety director. Some of the signs were missing because of rough weather during the past year. Changing the number signs was only part of the job. Cadets removed weeds from around the signposts, made sure the signposts were securely in the ground by digging new holes and putting in posts again, and even applied anti-rust treatment to the metal poles so they wouldn’t break easily.


July 14, 2010


Duran Bobb /Spilyay

Sacred Road Ministries Youth paint the outside of the Victims of Crimes Services building in Warm Springs.

Youth united for greater good

By Duran Bobb

Spilyay Tymoo

At the beginning of the month you may have noticed an unusual presence on the reservation. They were gathered at the Victims of Crime Services building, at the stick game shed, at Elmer Quinn Park, at the powwow grounds, at the ball fields and in Simnasho.

"We had a lot of people stopping by to ask who we were and what we were doing," said Paul Norman, coordinator of short-term teams in Warm Springs from Sacred Road Ministries. Some people even dropped whatever it was they were doing at the time to lend a hand.

The teams helping Sacred Road Ministries were made up of youth that came from as far away as Seattle and the Tri-Cities areas.

The teams painted over graffiti at the Simnasho Longhouse, painted the bathrooms at Elmer Quinn Park, and even helped to clean up after the treaty days celebration.

"It’s heart-warming," Aurolyn Stwyer-Pinkham said, "to see that there are church ministries out there who are willing to travel at their own expense to help out our people in their time of need."

Aurolyn became familiar with Sacred Road Ministries years ago when she was living in the Yakama area.

"Back then, my house was vandalized and I had absolutely nowhere else to turn. I was put in touch with this group who came to my home and basically said we’re here to do whatever we can for you, for a greater good."

Later, after being elected to Tribal Council, Aurolyn put Sacred Road Ministries in touch with Don Courtney from Public Utilities.

But their work is not without its own pay.

"In the mornings, we like to teach the youth valuable skills that might help them later on in life," said Paul Norman. "That can be something like painting. We really encourage them to serve others. It’s a way to connect to the Warm Springs community, to build a greater relationship."

One Friday while they were painting on the reservation, some curious youth stopped. "They were fourth, fifth, maybe sixth graders. Ten of them in all. Before we knew it, they picked up brushes and were learning to paint. They were really excited about being there."

During the afternoons, Paul said, it’s play time.

"We play games and we tell them bible stories. We want them to understand that none of this is for our glory…but for His glory. That’s where the real rewards are."

According to Paul, there will be up to six churches assisting with various projects this summer in Warm Springs. "That’s 75 to 80 individuals working for up to five separate weeks. We hope to eventually build a Christ-centered working relationship with the people of Warm Springs."

Sacred Road Ministries began eight years, established in White Swan, WA, by the Pacific Northwest Presbytery of the Presbyterian Church. In White Swan, 75-percent of teens are considered homeless and the drop-out rate in middle and high school is as high as 65-percent.

For more information, please visit sacredroadministries.org.



June 30, 2010 edition


Dave McMechan/Spilyay

MartiRai Ramsey and Dr. Rachel Locker.

Inspiration for a healthy life

By Dave McMechan

Spilyay Tymoo

MartiRae Ramsey is an inspiration to anyone who wants to make a great and positive change in life.

Over the past year, MartiRae has lost over 100 pounds. She has gone from wearing size 32 clothes, the largest size available, to size 22—a loss of ten sizes.

"A year ago when I went shopping," she says, "there was only one store, in Portland, where I could find clothes that fit."

Her life has changed almost completely since she began her weight-loss program last July. She is much healthier and happier, and dedicated to her new lifestyle.

"I work out five times a week for an hour," she says.

And her diet no longer includes a lot of fried food and soda pop.

Her change to a healthy lifestyle has been a success, but like all the important things in life, the change did not happen easily.

A year ago her late husband, Johnny Ramsey Sr., was diagnosed with cancer. MartiRae and Johnny changed their diet and began eating better. Then in September 2009 Johnny passed away.

When that happened, "I made a promise to myself that I would take care of our kids," she says. "And to do that, I had to be alive and healthy."

At the time MartiRae weighed over 380 pounds. In order to lose the weight, she had to face some very difficult issues.

"The number one reason why people don’t have success in losing weight," she says, "is shame. When I first had a weight issue, I was 3 years old and I was ashamed." Over the years, she says, "I built up a strong exterior so no one could hurt me."

In order to succeed with her goal, MartiRae faced the issue not with shame but with honesty and a good attitude. And she sought out and accepted help from others.

She mentions Edmund Francis, Warm Springs Diabetes Prevention lifestyle coach, as a great help. Edmund makes himself available to people at all times, MartiRae says. "He’s very passionate about his work," she says.

At the clinic MartiRae had support from Dr. Rachel Locker, nurse Janet Bissell, Jennie Smith of the Diabetes Program, nurse Diane Fuller of risk management, Sara Thomas, who was the nutritionist at the clinic, and Caroline Harvey, former health worker with the tribes.

In more recent months MartiRae has support from her team that is competing in the Moving Mountains weight-loss challenge, organized by nurse Bethann Beamer of Mountain View Hospital. MartiRae’s team includes Anita Davis, Deborah Jackson and Diane Fuller.

"I like the diversity we have on our team," she says. "I think we reflect the idea that at any age you can make a difference in your life."

Other friends in the community, such as Faye Waheneka, are also very supportive. "She is truly a@motivation for me," says MartiRae. "She likes to check in with me and ask me, ‘Marti, what are you eating?’ She keeps me on my toes."

Faye, like others in the community, know MartiRae through her job at the clinic, where she is the contact coordinator for patients.

MartiRae dedicates her success at dieting and losing weight to her late husband, to their children Tyreyk, 9, Johnny Jr., 7, and Celena, 4; and to her lifelong friend, Dennis A. Waters III.

"In my darkest hour of grief," she says, "he motivated me to get off my butt and start working out. Dennis has been in the Oregon State Penitentiary for the past 15 years. Don’t be took quick to judge who God will use to influence you. Dennis introduced me to the elliptical machine, telling me about the health benefits. He created playlists for my mp3 player. I would listen to the music he suggested to determine the pace of my workout."

When she first began working out, MartiRae could last only about ten minutes on the elliptical machine. Now she can go over an hour.

"Those are the external changes," she says. "But I attribute all my changes to faith in God. That is the real reason for my success."

She makes this observation: "It’s amazing how we are quick to condemn the alcoholic or drug addict for their behavior, yet we fail to recognize how we medicate our pain with food, shopping, abuse, sex, etc. The substance may change but the behavior is the same. It all defiles the body and the end result is poor health."

Agency officials visit Warm Springs

The Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs on June 24 hosted a visit from federal officials of the Department of the Interior and the Department of Commerce.

The officials toured sites around the reservation, including the Warm Springs National Fish Hatchery and the Warm Springs Forest Products Industries mill.

They also visited the Round Butte dam and its selective water intake tower.

The visit was a chance for the federal officials to learn more about the Warm Springs community, tribal resources and some of the things the tribes have done to improve fish habitat, said Bobby Brunoe, general manager of tribal Natural Resources.

Tribal Council invited the officials to visit. Brunoe, Tribal Council vice-chairman Ron Suppah, Councilman J.P. Patt, and secretary-treasurer Jody Calica accompanied the officials on the reservation tour.

Representing the federal government were Steve Doherty, senior advisor to the Secretary of the Interior for the Pacific Northwest; Don Chapman, senior advisor to the Secretary of the Interior for Indian Affairs; Will Stelle, regional administrator for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA); and Barry Thom, assistant regional administrator for NOAA fisheries.

Under the Interior Department are U.S. Fish and Wildlife, National Parks, the Bureau of Indian Affairs, the Bureau of Reclamation, among others.

It is important for the tribes have a good relationship with the agencies that the tribes often work with, said Brunoe. And the visit was not in regard to any particular issue.

At the fish tower and the hatchery, the discussion was in regard to work the tribes and agencies have done, and projects that need to be done for fisheries, said Brunoe.

At the mill the discussion was about the bio-mass project and forest health.

Students recognized for good, great attendance

These students from the Jefferson County Middle School had outstanding attendance during the 2009-10 school year.

Eighth grade

Perfect attendance: Alicia Farias.Great attendance (absent two days or less): Duane Black, Dominigue Craig and Kari Wahnetaw.Good Attendance (absent 3 to 5 days): Zane Hudson, Samuel Coyle, Rachel Conner-Strong, Reshaun Holliday and Sasha Perez.@

Seventh grade

Great attendance: Joseph Calica, Jessi Hatlestad, Gabrielle Waldow.Good attendance: Quinton Big Knife, Voshaun Bryant, Anthony Holliday, Jr. LeVaughn Kirk, Mitchell Lira, Shelby Moody, Leah Rodriguez-White, DeAndre Smith, Kasheena Stevens.

Sixth grade

Perfect attendance: Jasmyn Reece, Lana Shike and Rheianna Wolfe.Great attendance: Robert Hatlestad, Dalton Herkshan and Rosebud Whipple.Good attendance: Alyssa Brunoe, Brittany Craig, Brevin Holliday, Brendon Jack-Parks, Christin Jack, Dale Kaltsukis, Teagan Kerr, Soraya Mendez, MaryLee Sconawah, Jordan Spino, Izaya Tahnezani, Tyra Thomas and Vivian Yazzie.

In all, there were a total of 168 school days during the 2009-10 year. Congratulations, students, on your outstanding attendance!

June 16, 2010

Tour gives students view of fish life cycle

By Dave McMechan

Spilyay Tymoo

Four classes from the Warm Springs Elementary School now have studied and seen firsthand the life cycle of salmon and steelhead from the egg stage to the return of the adult fish.

The fisheries lesson began last fall, when tribal Natural Resources installed fish incubators in the classes at the elementary school.

The students took care of the fish eggs until they hatched to the alevin stage, when the juvenile salmon is not yet able to swim.

During the incubation, the students monitored the water quality in the incubator tanks, and tested the pH, oxygen and temperature of the water. Then in December the students released the juvenile fish, then at the fry stage, into Shitike Creek.

Young salmon spend a year and a half in the river before traveling to the ocean. Then they return 2-5 years later.

To show the full life cycle, Natural Resources and Warm Springs National Fish Hatchery staff recently brought the students on a tour of the hatchery, when the adult fishing were coming up the river.

Kevin Blueback from the hatchery and Lisa Hewlett-Dubisar of Natural Resources conducted the tour.

During the tour, the hatchery workers were collecting adult salmon, separating the wild from the raised fish. So the students got to see that part of the operation.

They also got to feed the young fish at hatchery that are from the 2009 stock, and which will be released soon.

In all, about 100 students participated in the project, said Hewlett-Dubisar. The plan is to continue the incubator project in 2010-11 year at Warm Springs Elementary.

Tours of the hatchery are also planned, she said.


Clinic's Positive Pathways gives hope

By Duran Bobb

Spilyay Tymoo

The Warm Springs I.H.S. is offering the Positive Pathways program to those who are eligible to receive services through the clinic.

The program is a service that provides Baclofen (among other medications) for reducing alcohol cravings.

In certain studies, Baclofen has been shown quite effective. One such study included a doctor who treated himself.

"This is actually a service that the medical staff and the pharmacy staff came up with together back in late 2007," Dr. McCoy, from the Warm Springs pharmacy said. McCoy, 28, did his studies at Oregon State University and OHSU.

In 2004, a professor of medicine at State University of New York Downstate Medical Center called for a study on the use of Baclofen to eliminate alcohol cravings. Oliver Ameisen was also a French cardiologist and a severe alcoholic.

Ameisen had self-experimented with the drug after repeated failed attempts abstaining from alcohol. He had gone through treatment centers and countless A.A. meetings. Ameisen began to understand the severity of his problem after relapsing on the day that he graduated from a three-month treatment program.

After hearing reports that Baclofen (traditionally prescribed as a muscle relaxant) might be effective at reducing alcohol cravings, the doctor became willing to heal himself.

Frustrated, Ameisen began treating himself with Baclofen. He soon found that he had become completely indifferent to alcohol. Unlike abstinence, which requires constant effort, Ameisen’s newfound lack of interest in alcohol seemed to happen naturally.

In 2003, Ameisen was diagnosed as cured. The doctor describes his experience in his bestselling book, The End of My Addiction, published in 2008.

According to two Positive Pathways participants, Baclofen is easy to take. It doesn’t have overpowering effects. It doesn’t produce any immediate highs or lows. The alcohol cravings simply subside gradually.

The I.H.S. in Warm Springs hopes to publish the results of the service in order to get the information out to other Indian health clinics. "Hopefully they might be able to start similar programs," Dr. McCoy said. "Of course, all patient information is kept strictly confidential."

"What has happened to me has been a life-changing experience," one of the program participants says. "When I started out, I was at a level five or six. I had cravings for alcohol on a daily basis. It was one of the things that I thought about most in life. But gradually, that number went down. Today I’m at a zero. There are some days when I stop and realize – hey, I haven’t thought about taking a drink in quite some time!"

"I have been wanting to quit for quite a while now," another program participant says with a warm smile. "The desire to stop has been there, strong. I knew that it was time. But people who aren’t alcoholics don’t realize that alcohol is like a super magnet. It pulls hardest on metal, and that’s all we alcoholics are made of."

Participants of the Positive Pathways program are required to seek counseling. They must also give consent for the pharmacy and counseling center to communicate any progress.

"Of course this doesn’t happen on its own," the participant says. "There’s still some work on my end. You have to keep your counseling appointments and remember to take your Baclofen. I even go to A.A. just as an extra measure. But you could also see it in reverse – with A.A. working and Baclofen as the extra measure. If you want to quit, it will work. And if you don’t want to quit, you won’t work."

Baclofen was designed in the 1920s to treat certain symptoms of epilepsy. However, those effects were disappointing to researchers. Later, the drug was used to treat spasticity. It is administered orally, in pill form.

"There’s no set limit on the number of people who are allowed to participate," Dr. McCoy said. "People can come and go as they feel the need. We’re here to serve you, whenever you need us."

As far as Dr. McCoy knows, there are no other clinics offering services similar to Positive Pathways. "This is really a unique thing," he said.

Those who wish to participate in the study and are eligible to receive services through Warm Springs I.H.S. are invited to call 541-553-1196 to schedule an intake with the pharmacy.


Members complete their studies

The following tribal members recently earned their degrees and certificates:
Ashley Aguilar, Bachelor of Science Degree in Business Administration from Haskell Indian Nations University.
Leidy Caldera, certificate in Automotive Technology from the Universal Technical Institute.
Steven DeVault, certificate in Heavy Equipment from the Heavy Equipment Operators School Inc.
Alfred Estimo Jr., Associate of Arts in Business Administration from Central Oregon Community College.
Reina Estimo, Bachelor of Arts in Liberal Studies from Oregon State University Cascades Campus.
Lynn Fluhr, Associate of Arts in Business Administration  from Ashwood University.
Lynn Fluhr, Bachelor of Science in Fire Science from Ashwood University.
Melinda Heath-Brockie, Associate of Arts,  General Transfer Degree, Northwest Indian College.
Leah Henry, Associate of Arts from Central Oregon Community College.
Siagigi Hintsatake, Bachelor of Science in Social Science from Oregon State University Cascades Campus.
Desire Hurtado, License in Cosmotology from Phagan’s Cosmotology.
Aiyana Jackson, Associate of Science in Nursing from Mt. Hood Community College.
Barbie Jackson, Diploma in Medical Insurance Coding and Billing, Concorde Career Institute.
Linda Meanus, Associate of Applied Sciences in Business from Heald College.
Charlene Moody, Bachelor of Arts in Education and Art from the University of Oregon.
Tatiana Penney, Associate of Applied Sciences in Native American Studies from Northwest Indian College.
Nola Queahpama, Associates of Arts, Central Oregon Community College.
Brittany Ruby-Trujillo, License in Cosmotology from the College of Cosmetology Inc.
Delsie Scott, Diploma, Jewelers, American Jewelers Institute.
Gordon Scott Jr., Bachelor of Science in Business Administration, Haskell Indian Nations University.
Wynter Smith-Erickson, Associate of Arts in Criminal Justice from Iowa Central Community College.
Sammi Squiemphen-O’Reilly, AAOT, Transfer Degree Central Oregon Community College.
Jaylyn Suppah, Associates of Global Studies in Cultural Anthropology, Portland Community College.
Valerie Switzler, Master’s Degree in Global Indigenous Nation Studies, University of Kansas.


Ranch camp this month

The Canyon Ranch Camp will be taking children ages 8-13 for three-day Christian sleep-away near Madras.

Boys are invited June 21-23; girls are welcome June 28-30. Both sessions are Monday through Wednesday. Dropoffs are 7:30-8:30 a.m. Mondays. Pickups are 8 p.m. Wednesdays.

Activities include fireside devotions, Freedom Team, hiking, swimming, climbing, nature watching, Bible time, field trips, memory verses, meal preparation and gardening.

Special activities: Games for boys; Dress-up tea party for girls.

The children get to sleep in teepees.

Suggested donation is $35 a camper. Registration forms available on the reservation at the Community Center; Community Counseling Center; post office; and, store. The form provide details. Call Gladys Grant at 541-325-2650 or Sue Harrison at 541-475-3103.


June 2, 2010

Frank overcomes hardship to reach goal

By Duran Bobb

Spilyay Tymoo

The road for Shayla Frank, new fisheries tech at tribal Natural Resources, has been anything but ordinary.

Up until very recently, Frank, 25, worked for Portland General Electric, at the Round Butte dam and fish facility, in a job that seemed to be made just for her.

"She has always been the kind of person who could never work behind a desk," said Shayla’s grandmother Anna Clements, who raised Shayla.

"She knows about computers and such, but she’s more an outdoor person. She didn’t want to be sitting in an office," said Anna.

With PGE, Shayla would spend the day checking screw traps that collected fish that were migrating downstream. Part of her job was to process these fish, taking measurements, tagging, and weighing chinook and steelhead smolts.

Even back in college, Shayla says, she favored field work classes. She graduated from Salish Kootenai College in 2008, earning her Bachelors of Science degree in Environmental Sciences.

"She’s had a hard life," Clements said. "We lost her mother to alcoholism, and then her father died early on. So it was hard for Shayla to find support. We took her when she was just a baby, and we told her––‘You need to do this. You need to get an education and do good things with your life.’"

"It was really tough," Shayla said. "I lost a few family members when I was in college, and I was tempted to come back home. My grandpa, Rudy Clements, passed away and it hit me."

But during her first year of college, her tuition was waived. And during the following year, she attended classes thanks to scholarships, which she says helped out a lot with the required books.

"When I came home for funerals," she said, "then I’d feel like I didn’t want to go back to school. I’d be sad. But my family and my friends would push me. Grandma would tell me that I could make it. I started to believe them. I really could get my degree."

Shayla says that her grandparents were her biggest role models, because they stressed the importance of education in her life.

"They always told me that I should learn all that I could and then come back and work for the people," she said. "That was the way my grandpa lived his life, and that’s what I admired about him the most. I try to live by that today, too, how he lived and how he believed."

After college, Shayla returned to the reservation and applied for a job at Natural Resources, but didn’t get the job. "I was told that I needed more field experience," she said. "But I took this as a chance to better myself. When I come back, I thought, I’ll have that knowledge and I’ll be able to work my way up."

She says that her dream is to one day be a tribal biologist. "I might also consider going back to school for my master’s some day. Not right now," she said with a laugh, "but some day."

Anna Clements remembers that Shayla was always a good listener when she was growing up. She always kept up her grades.

"One of the hardest classes for her was math," Anna said. "But there was one teacher, Luanne Foltz, who would not let Shayla fail. She kept at it with her, and she really inspired her to keep on learning. She’d tell her, ‘You stay in after school and I’ll help you, and afterwards we can drop you off at home since we’re neighbors.’ That really helped her, it got her motivated."

Even if they are brought up in difficult circumstances, Anna says, children can make it, if someone just takes some time to motivate and inspire them.

"I know some classes can be hard," Shayla said, "like math and science. Just push through them. If the youth can start learning early on and get their grades up, they can keep those grades up for as long as they want. The sky is the limit, basically."

Most recently, Shayla resigned her position at PGE and accepted a Fisheries Tech I opening at tribal Natural Resources.


Team encourages emergency preparedness

By Terri Harber

Spilyay Tymoo

A small group of tribal residents and emergency providers stood in a circle tossing small beanbag balls to one another.

What does this have to do with preparing for an emergency?

This was a fun way to illustrate how important it is not to drop the ball, to be prepared when a crisis occurs.

"Are we as a community prepared?" asked Don Courtney, a community emergency response team instructor who is also the tribe’s Utilities Department director.

The answer is "no," he said.

But with some training and planning people living on the
reservation can be much better prepared.

The idea is to motivate tribal members to get ready for emergencies, to have a plan and gather enough supplies so everyone in their household (even pets
and other animals) can survive for at least three days.

Part of planning is the ability to prepare for a variety of crises and know who’ll be effected, how they’ll be effected, whom you can help and from whom
you can receive help, Courtney said.

"People also need to practice responding to an emergency," he explained.

While some crises last only for a short time––a recent power outage was less than four hours long—a severe earthquake could keep people on the reservation isolated for at least a week. Maybe longer if roads are
heavily damaged.

Police, firefighters and other emergency workers will be responding to people and sites where they are most needed.
This is why residents need to identify potential hazards that could arise because of various accidents, crises or disasters and try to eliminate them. A tall, heavy piece of furniture could fall and trap someone in an
earthquake. Heavy brush growing outside the house could catch fire in a wild land blaze and destroy it entirely, Courtney explained.


Water: One gallon per person, per day (3-day supply for evacuation, 2-week supply for home).

Food: Non-perishable, easy to prepare items (3-day supply for evacuation, 2-week supply for home).

Flashlight and radio: (NOAA Weather Radio, if possible). Extra batteries for all items in the kit that require batteries.

First aid kit: Medications (7-day supply) and medical items.

Multipurpose tool. Sanitation and personal hygiene items. Copies of personal documents (medication list and pertinent medical information, proof of address, deed/lease to home, passports, birth certificates, insurance policies).

Cell phone with chargers. Family and emergency contact information. Extra cash. Emergency blanket. Map of the area.
Two-way radios. Extra set of car keys and house keys. Manual can opener.

Consider the needs of all family members and add supplies to your kit that they will require, such as:

Medical supplies (hearing aids with extra batteries, glasses, contact lenses, syringes, cane).
Baby supplies (bottles, formula, baby food, diapers).

Games and activities for children.

Pet supplies (collar, leash, ID, food, carrier, bowl).

People should have a large one at home and a smaller one in their automobile if they are not home when an emergency occurs.

Courtney reminds people to keep an eye on their kits after they put them together because much of the contents can go bad, wear out or just not be
suitable if unused within a reasonable time. Food spoils, plastic bottles containing water can become unstable after temperatures are extremely low or

People (especially children) grow out of clothes and batteries wear down.

For details or for specific information about planning for emergencies call
Fire and Safety at 541-553-1634. Other CERT workshops will be offered, just not immediately, and are sponsored by Child Protective Services.


Special presentation at the museum

International commerce, diplomatic relations, cultural exchanges and tourism are hot topics today in the Northwest, just as they were nearly 12,000 years ago among the indigenous peoples who lived along the Columbia River.

These civilized, prosperous nations developed an international marketplace that, by the 1700s, included trade with Russia, Spain, England, China and America––yet their story is often untold in histories of the region.

Native American historian and scholar Pat Courtney Gold on Saturday, June 19 will present Innovators and Traders: Indigenous People of the Columbia River.

This is a special community program at the Museum at Warm Springs Museum.

The free program is open to persons of all ages and will be held at 2 p.m. in the community room at the museum.

Gold will discuss the rich heritage of cultural and financial commerce conducted up and down the Columbia River.

Just as questions of sustainability affect modern commerce, Gold will show how native peoples’ relationship to the land provided our first environmentally friendly model of commerce.

Gold is a former Chautauqua program presenter for the Oregon Council for the Humanities, as well as an internationally acclaimed fiber artist and basket maker.

She is enrolled in the Wasco Nation, Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs, where she was raised and still has family.

Gold helped revive the art of Wasco basket weaving, with its geometric images and motifs.

She was awarded a National Endowment for the Arts Heritage Fellowship in 2007.

Her work is in museum collections and has been exhibited nationally and internationally.

The program is sponsored by the Museum at Warm Springs and Libraries of Eastern Oregon (LEO) as part of LEO’s Sense of Place series of programs in the arts, sciences and humanities. LEO is a nonprofit that serves public libraries and other cultural institutions in eastern Oregon.

A Sense of Place programs are funded by the Institute of Museum and Library Services, the premier support agency for the 17,000 museums and libraries in the United States.

For further information, contact Carol Leone, executive director of the Museum at Warm Springs at 541-553-3331. Or see: www.museumatwarmsprings.org


May 19, 2010 edition


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Terri Harber/Spilyay
Sissiley Scott (right) assists a workshop participant in creating a babyboard on May 4. See more photos on the Spilyay's Facebook page:

Babyboard-making classes carry on tradition

By Terri Harber

Spilyay Tymoo 

It’s made so a baby can’t move any body part except their head. And most babies seem to like being in that position. Known as cradleboards, babyboards or just boards, the tight wood and fabric protective devices have deep Native American roots.

The tribe will increase the number of Back to Boards Workshops from four times a year to one each month.

"It gives (babies) a sense of security," said Arlita Rhoan, who works for the language program and is highly involved with presenting the workshops.

It’s believed the tight swaddling onto the board is similar to how it feels being inside the mother’s womb. That familiarity and comfort makes the baby
fall sleep easily and more soundly, said Janet Bissell, registered nurse with the local Indian Health Service.

"They are calmed," she said.

Babyboards put the child on its back instead of on its stomach or on one side––a good practice to reduce a child’s risk of dying from Sudden Infant
Death Syndrome, better known as SIDS, Bissell said. "Their drool just runs down the sides of their cheeks."

She also noted that a little time in the board gives the mother an opportunity to do other things, which may reduce the risk of Shaken Baby

"This is especially important when a mother may not have enough support," Bissell said.

The boards can sit on the floor, be carefully propped up or toted around. When people used to travel around on horses they would tie their babies on and trot along.

The act of simply putting the baby into the board each time allows for ample contact between mother and child, Rhoan pointed out.

Her grandmother was a doctor for Indian babies and she raised several children herself.

Spending time with the baby is important. Just because one
is bottle-feeding and not breast-feeding, mom or dad should still hold the baby and talk to the baby during its meals.

Babies also like a little massage, Rhoan said.

Sissiley Scott coordinates the workshops. She learned a lot about the board tradition while serving as Miss Warm Springs last year and really enjoys
helping women on the reservation put their boards together.

It may look different from what people off reservations commonly use. But learning why they were created and their purpose "made a lot of sense," she said.

After citing most of the reasons noted above, she also talked about how the
smallest children in Early Childhood Education enjoy taking naps in the boards and mentioned that it’s actually easier to show groups of people a baby in the board because when a child is hanging loose "all that passing around can make the baby sore."

The next two-day workshop is scheduled for June 14-15, from 9 a.m.-4:30 p.m.

The workshop and supplies are free. Participants are welcome to bring their
own fabric but should speak to the organizer before class to make sure the fabric will work. And lunch is provided.

Call 553-2460 for details.


Coalition offers hopeful alternatives

By Duran Bobb

Spilyay Tymoo

The Prevention Coalition in Warm Springs meets regularly with concerned community members to find ways to prevent methamphetamine use and suicide on the reservation.

The coalition is led by Mickie Martinez, suicide prevention coordinator, and Rosanna Jackson, meth prevention coordinator.

"This is the third time we’ve met," Martinez said at last week’s coalition meeting. "At the first meeting, there were about five people who showed up. The second meeting, we had 12. We’re getting ready to nominate a chair-person, vice-chair and secretary, so we’re trying to get the community more involved in this effort."

Jackson attended the College of the Redwoods, commuting to the coast. She majored in business and computers. She enjoyed working with the Hoopa tribe, where she had some rewarding experiences. While there, she was employed with Health and Disability. She was also the human resources director for the clinic.

"Warm Springs is my home," she said, "and that’s why I wanted to come back. I wanted to take my education and experience and put it into something that I enjoyed doing for my people."

"Here," she said, "they’ve realized that I have the computer skills and so they ask me for the basic computer help. Sometimes it’s funny. But I told them, I started out that way when I went to school. I didn’t even know how to turn the computer on."

When Jackson began working at Community Counseling, she did a lot of reading. "Most of it had to do with the tribe’s policies and the people that I’d be working with. I had to read about the prevention signs and what we need to do to start prevention activities."

One of Jackson’s jobs included recruiting community members for the Prevention Coalition.

"The last time I went to school in Madras was when I was a freshman," Jackson laughs. "After that, I left for boarding school. There’s a lot of people that I still don’t recognize in the community, and they address me by name."

Despite that, Jackson’s positive attitude and cheery personality seem to be working in her favor, as attendance at the Prevention Coalition meeting increased.

Jackson has also done research and distributed materials on the harmful effects of meth to the community.

In the past, Jackson was involved with the Fatherhood Project, where she helped put together a website targeted towards dads who wanted to become involved with their child’s education.

Jackson also enjoys showing the reservation’s youth that there are positive activities that are rewarding. "I enjoy designing T-shirts, myself. I like to make flyers. I helped my son’s wrestling team by making a logo for their sweatshirts. They asked me not to put a year on the design, because they wanted to use it again!"

The most challenging part of her job, Jackson said, is getting people to attend the meetings and to stay involved with the project.

"People should know that they can make a difference in somebody else’s life. These meetings have a lot to do with personal experiences that might be helpful for someone else to hear."

At last week’s Prevention Coalition meeting, the group talked about elections, risk and protective factors, the seven steps of planning, and the coalition retreat.

"Pretty much, we’re relinquishing this project to the community," Martinez said. The coalition is gaining input from community members on where the project will lead.

"We need to prioritize where we’re at. The target population has been selected, and that’s the young people. After we figure out our priorities, we’ll go shopping for programs and grants and implement them to see how effective they are."

The next Prevention Coalition meeting will be held on Wednesday, June 9, 2010, at 1:30 p.m. at Community Counseling.



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Terri Harber/Spilyay
The Presbyterian Church in Warm Springs hosted the National Day of Prayer earlier this month.

Local church participates in Day of Prayer

By Terri Harber

Spilyay Tymoo

A few stalwarts participated in the local observance of National Day of Prayer.

People were invited to come pray at the Presbyterian Church in Warm Springs during the lunch hour on May 6. The idea was to focus on lending support to tribal as well as various local, state and federal leaders.

"In Indian culture you pray for your elders," said Rev. Rick Ribeiro, of the Warm Springs Presbyterian Church. "For the wisdom they need every year to lead their people."

Though the event often highlights Judeo-Christian believers, the idea of supporting one’s leaders was, and still is, important to Native Americans.

Organizers of larger local events across the United States tried to include representatives of various faiths practiced in their communities. Native Americans participating in traditional chants and prayers in areas with significant populations were seen in many U.S. cities praying alongside Christians, Jews, Buddists, Sikhs, Muslims, Wiccans and those of many other beliefs.

One of the Warm Springs participants brought literature with prayers and Biblical references that support a variety of leaders in government, medicine, armed forces, commerce, the arts and other areas.

"Praying for the arts?" Ribeiro said as an example of leaders in all segments of society needing support. "What a wonderful thought!"

The idea of a National Day of Prayer sanctioned by the U.S. government is being challenged in the court system.

A federal district judge in Wisconsin has found the event to be unconstitutional because it doesn’t uphold the constitutional separation of church and state.

The Obama administration plans to challenge the ruling so the day established by President Truman can continue being commemorated as it has been since 1952—with a law designating the day and a yearly proclamation, and observances in and on government-owned sites, according to the Associated Press.

While Ribeiro predicts this year’s National Day of Prayer was the last, he doesn’t believe that people will stop praying in support of their leaders.

He’s been asked more than once why it has been relegated to just one day.

"They thought that it was something you should do every day," he added.


From May 5, 2010 edition 

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Terri Harber/Spilyay

The area by the sounding rock served as a training ground for tribal members who will help with archeological research. 

Tribal members help piece together past

By Terri Harber

Spilyay Tymoo

They lined up to slowly walk across a field of tall grass, bushes and rocks. Many were carrying clipboards and small orange flags. A couple of them were joking around by waving their flags as if they were controlling air or auto traffic.

But when it was time for these tribal members to start their training project, the mood became serious. The men and woman pointed their heads downward and carefully studied a section of reservation ground just off Highway 3 near the Media Center.

They weren’t looking for evidence of a crime as some passers by wondered. Instead they were looking for tiny pieces of history––arrowheads, pieces of glass or cookery—anything that seemed out of place in the field.

About a dozen tribal members recently spent a week learning about archeology so they could help employees of Warm Springs Geo Vision carry out assignments. It’s formally referred to as Cultural Resource training.

They spent the morning learning how to read maps and compasses, how to let other group members know they found something (by waving the orange flags) and how to document what they’ve discovered.

The following day, after some classroom training, the group came outside to watch and try some flint knapping, the method people used to make stone tools such as arrowheads and hand axes.

Alex Atkins, an expert flint knapper and lithic analyst, made it look easy to reshape various rocks using other rocks and an elk horn.

"The training has helped me learn about the surrounding environment better and learn more about artifacts," said Kristy Johnson, 21, one of the tribal members in the weeklong course. "Now I have more knowledge about the reservation."

WorkForce Development is financing the training of these men and women to do this type of archeology fieldwork as needed